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The Role of Haptics in Medical Training Simulators: A Survey of the State of the Art

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3 Author(s)
Timothy R. Coles ; Bangor University, Bangor, Wales ; Dwight Meglan ; Nigel W. John

This review paper discusses the role of haptics within virtual medical training applications, particularly, where it can be used to aid a practitioner to learn and practice a task. The review summarizes aspects to be considered in the deployment of haptics technologies in medical training. First, both force/torque and tactile feedback hardware solutions that are currently produced commercially and in academia are reviewed, followed by the available haptics-related software and then an in-depth analysis of medical training simulations that include haptic feedback. The review is summarized with scrutiny of emerging technologies and discusses future directions in the field.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Haptics  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )