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A new approach to implement computationally efficient reconfigurable filter banks for multi-standard wireless receivers is presented in this paper. Based on the concepts of tree-structured quadrature mirror filter bank (TQMFB) and coefficient decimation approach, a reconfigurable and efficient tree-structured non-uniform filter bank (TNFB) is proposed in this paper. The proposed filter bank is designed to extract channels of non-uniform bandwidths with reduced complexity when compared to TQMFB. Each stage of the proposed filter bank consists of a modal filter and a complementary delay to obtain the low-pass and high-pass channels respectively. Design examples show that the proposed TNFB offers an average multiplication rate reduction of 69% over the TQMFB.