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Two-port to three-port noise-wave transformation for CAD applications

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2 Author(s)
Grosch, T.O. ; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA ; Carpenter, L.A.

A two-port-to-three-port noise wave transformation is presented that complements the similar transformation for S-parameters. Others have shown that transistor two-port S-parameters can be converted to three-port S-parameters when the common terminal is used as the third port. This paper shows how to calculate the three-port noise waves and noise temperatures from the two-port noise waves and temperatures. The transformation considers the general case where the common terminal of the three-port is not perfectly grounded. The formulation is then extended to the general case of a (n-1)-port-to-n-port transformation

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1993

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