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A fully quantitative analysis of liquid crystal film (LCF) color patterns, in phantom thermal dosimetry for microwave hyperthermia, is presented. An accurate determination of absorption rate density (ARD) is achieved by color image computer processing. This work is proven to be an improvement upon the semi-quantitative or qualitative descriptions of LCF colors performed essentially by visual analysis of photographs. Temperature-induced chromatic distributions are acquired as R, G, B (red, green, blue) signals by a CCD camera connected to a PC frame grabber board. These data, stored onto three 512*512 memory buffers, are then converted to H, S, I (hue, saturation, intensity) colorimetric system. Provided a suitable calibration of the LCF, the H quantity can be transformed to temperature using a monotonic relationship. In this way, a temperature accuracy lower than 0.2 degrees C and a spatial resolution less than 1 mm are obtained. A sequence of thermal maps can be acquired and stored on disk at a maximum rate of 1 image/2 s, and then the ARD is calculated at each pixel of the map using the least squares method.