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This paper presents a detailed comparison of the high-speed operating characteristics of four synchronous PM machines for applications that require wide speed ranges of constant-power operation. These machines include surface PM machines with both distributed and fractional-slot concentrated windings, and two interior PM machine with distributed windings. These two versions of the interior PM machine include one with and a tight constraint on the machine's back-emf voltage at top speed and one without this constraint The target application is an automotive direct-drive starter/alternator requiring a very wide 10:1 constant power speed ratio (CPSR). Detailed comparisons of the performance characteristics of the machines are presented that include important issues such as the back-emf voltage at top speed, machine mass and cost, and eddy current losses in the magnets. Analytical results are verified using finite element analysis (FEA). Guidelines are developed to help drive designers decide which type of machine is most suitable for high-CPSR applications. Tradeoffs associated with choosing each of these machines are presented.