Skip to Main Content
This paper presents two soft-sensing models for predicting the product yields profile and the cracking degree of an ethylene pyrolysis furnace. The model based on single neural network with only one hidden layer trained by Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm with regularisation was first developed. It was found that the single neural network lack generalisation capability in that they can give undesirable performance when applied to unseen data. To improve the generalisation capability of the soft-sensing model, multi-model soft-sensors based on bootstrap aggregated neural networks with sequential training are used. In the sequential training of bootstrap aggregated networks, the first network is trained to minimise its prediction error whereas the rest of the networks are trained not only to minimise their prediction errors but also minimise the correlation among the trained networks. The overall output is obtained by combining all the individual networks. Application results show that the multi-model soft-sensors possess good generalisation capability in that they give good performance when applied to unseen data.