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Variable delay elements are often used to manipulate the rising or falling edges of the clock or any other signal in integrated circuits (ICs). Delay elements are also used in delay locked loops (DLLs). Although, a few types of digitally controlled delay elements have been proposed, an analytical expression for the delay of these circuits has not been reported. In this paper, we propose a new delay element architecture and develop an analytical equation for the output voltage and an empirical relation for the delay of the circuit. The proposed circuit exhibits improved delay characteristics over previously reported digitally controlled delay elements.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:11 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2003