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This article introduces a new standardization effort, IEEE 802.11n, an amendment to IEEE 802.11 standards that is capable of much higher throughputs, with a maximum throughput of at least 100 Mb/s, as measured at the medium access control data services access point. The IEEE 802.11n will provide both physical layer and MAC enhancements. In this article we introduce some PHY proposals and study the fundamental issue of MAC inefficiency. We propose several MAC enhancements via various frame aggregation mechanisms that overcome the theoretical throughput limit and reach higher throughput. We classify frame aggregation mechanisms into many different and orthogonal aspects, such as distributed vs. centrally controlled, ad hoc vs. infrastructure, uplink vs. downlink, single-destination vs. multi-destination, PHY-level vs. MAC-level, single-rate vs. multirate, immediate ACK vs. delayed ACK, and no spacing vs. SIFS spacing.