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Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2014
Author(s): Cronin, B.; Sugimoto, C.
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: General Topics for Engineers (Math, Science & Engineering)
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Abstract

Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

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      Front Matter

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Title, Copyright, Contents, Preface View full abstract»

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      History

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

      ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

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      Scholars and Scripts, Spoors and Scores

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Communicating Science, Crediting Influence, Genres Galore, Symbolic Capitalism, The New Metrics, Conclusion, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      History and Evolution of (Biblio)Metrics

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Defining the Object: Science as a “Good as It Is” Social System in the Positivist and Functionalist Traditions, Producing the Evidence: Citation Indexes and the Quantity-Quality Connection, Setting Up the Rules of the Game: Mathematical Life in a Skewed World, Conclusions, Note, References View full abstract»

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      Critiques

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

      ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

      View full abstract»

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      The Citation: From Culture to Infrastructure

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Proliferation of Performance Indicators, Strategic Behavior, Ambivalent Attitudes, The Citation as Institution, The Citation as Infrastructure, References View full abstract»

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      “The Data—It Is Me!” (“Les données—c'est Moi!”)

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Citation Analysis and the Social Sciences, Citation Analysis and Social Computing, Citation Economies, Three Problematics of Reference or Representation, Conclusion, References View full abstract»

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      The Ethics of Evaluative Bibliometrics

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Bibliometrics and Evaluation, A Conceptual Framework for Bibliometrics, Ethics, Values, and Principles, A Conceptual Framework for Bibliometric Ethics, Conclusion, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Criteria for Evaluating Indicators

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Bibliometrics: From the Sociology of Science to Evaluations and Rankings, Three Necessary Criteria for Evaluating Indicators, Adequacy of the Indicator for the Object It Measures, Sensitivity to the Intrinsic Inertia of the Object Measured, Homogeneity of the Dimensions of the Indicator, The Shanghai Ranking of Universities, The h- index, Why Are Invalid Indicators Used?, Examples of Valid Indicators, Conclusion, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Methods and Tools

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

      ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

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      Obliteration by Incorporation

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Citations as Concept Symbols, Empirical Work on OBI and Palimpsestic Replacement, Methodological Issues in Studying Obliteration by Incorporation, What Do We Know about Why Authors Cite or Don't Cite Older Literature?, On Indirect Citations and the Palimpsestic Syndrome, Taking Stock, Note, References View full abstract»

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      A Network Approach to Scholarly Evaluation

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Big Data Facilitate Network Analysis, What Is a Network?, How to Calculate a Network Measure1, Network Metrics: How Are They Different from Traditional Metrics?, Counting Citations vs. Eigenfactor, The Limitations of Citations as a Measure of Impact, Conclusion, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Science Visualization and Discursive Knowledge

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Multidimensional Scaling, Graph Theory and Network Analysis, Relational and Positional Maps of Science, Interpreting Science Visualizations, The Network and the Vector Space, The Visualization of Heterogeneous Networks, Animation of the Visualizations, Conclusion and Future Directions, Acknowledgments, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Measuring Interdisciplinarity

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Distinguishing Discourses from Practices, Background and Methods, Varying Relations between Disciplines and Specialties, Discussion and Conclusion, Note, References View full abstract»

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      Bibliometric Standards for Evaluating Research Institutes in the Natural Sciences

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Establishing Study Parameters, Using a Citation Database, Selecting Document Types, Delineating Fields of Research, Normalizing Citation Impact, Sampling Data Using Statistical Tests of Significance, Analyzing Productivity, Subject Categories, and Citation Impact, Analyzing Trends in Citation Impact, Using Percentiles to Measure Citation Impact, Limitations of Research Evaluation, Conclusion, Note, References View full abstract»

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      Identifying and Quantifying Research Strengths Using Market Segmentation

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Traditional Approach, Market Segment Approach, Quantifying Research Strengths, Validation, Comparison of Approaches, Detailed Example, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgment, Note, References View full abstract»

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      Finding and Recommending Scholarly Articles

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Recommendation and Search, The Unique Problem of Scholarly Recommendation, The Scholarly Information Garden, An Overview of Recommendation in the ADS, Implementation Techniques and Details, Measuring Effectiveness, Conclusions and Future Directions, Acknowledgments, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Alternative Metrics

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

      ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Altmetrics

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, What Are Altmetrics?, Altmetrics Sources: A Summary of Research, Notable Altmetrics Findings by Source, Uses, Limitations, and Future Research, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Web Impact Metrics for Research Assessment

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, General Web Impact Assessment, Impact Assessment with Web Databases, New Types of Impact Assessment on the Web, Beyond Academic Publishing: The Web Impact of Nontraditional Outputs, Conclusions, Acknowledgment, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Bibliographic References in Web 2.0

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Researchers and Web 2.0, Altmetrics, Science Blogs, Reference Managers, Conclusions, Acknowledgment, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Readership Metrics

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Journal Perception and Use, Measuring Usage with Citations, Electronic Download Data, Altmetrics: Scholarly Influence Reflected on the Social Web,v Conclusions, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Evaluating the Work of Judges

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Precedent-Based Legal Systems and the Rise of Citation and Topical Infrastructures, Studies Evaluating the Influence of Courts on One Another, What Do Courts Cite?, Case Citation Network Studies, Measures of Agreement within Multimember Courts, Visual Representations of the Work of Courts, Conclusion, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Academic Genealogy

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, State of Existing Research, Types of Academic Genealogy, Method, Conclusion, Acknowledgment, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      Perspectives

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

      ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      A Publishing Perspective on Bibliometrics

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Historical Context of Bibliometrics, Why Should Publishers Be Involved in This Area of Research?, To Inform Stakeholders in Research and Scholarly Communication, To Evaluate and Improve Our Offerings, To Understand the Research Communities We Serve, Discussion and Conclusion, References View full abstract»

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      Science Metrics and Science Policy

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Bibliometrics, Useful Science Metrics, Theory, Data, Practice, What Might Scientific Metrics Look Like?, Summary, Notes, References View full abstract»

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      List of Contributors

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Editors, Authors View full abstract»

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      Index

      Cronin, B. ; Sugimoto, C.
      Beyond Bibliometrics:Harnessing Multidimensional Indicators of Scholarly Impact

      Copyright Year: 2014

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics -- or "altmetrics" -- while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age.

      ContributorsMayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivi??re, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

      View full abstract»