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Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2013
Author(s): Kurgan, L.
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
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Abstract

The maps in this book are drawn with satellites, assembled with pixels radioed from outer space, and constructed from statistics; they record situations of intense conflict and express fundamental transformations in our ways of seeing and of experiencing space. These maps are built with Global Positioning Systems (GPS), remote sensing satellites, or Geographic Information Systems (GIS): digital spatial hardware and software designed for such military and governmental uses as reconnaissance, secrecy, monitoring, ballistics, the census, and national security. Rather than shying away from the politics and complexities of their intended uses, in Close Up at a Distance Laura Kurgan attempts to illuminate them. Poised at the intersection of art, architecture, activism, and geography, her analysis uncovers the implicit biases of the new views, the means of recording information they present, and the new spaces they have opened up. Her presentation of these maps reclaims, repurposes, and discovers new and even inadvertent uses for them, including documentary, memorial, preservation, interpretation, political, or simply aesthetic. GPS has been available to both civilians and the military since 1991; the World Wide Web democratized the distribution of data in 1992; Google Earth has captured global bird’s-eye views since 2005. Technology has brought about a revolutionary shift in our ability to navigate, inhabit, and define the spatial realm. The traces of interactions, both physical and virtual, charted by the maps in Close Up at a Distance define this shift.

  •   Click to expandTable of Contents

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      Front Matter

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Title, Copyright, Contents View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Introduction

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      The maps in this book are drawn with satellites, assembled with pixels radioed from outer space, and constructed from statistics; they record situations of intense conflict and express fundamental transformations in our ways of seeing and of experiencing space. These maps are built with Global Positioning Systems (GPS), remote sensing satellites, or Geographic Information Systems (GIS): digital spatial hardware and software designed for such military and governmental uses as reconnaissance, secrecy, monitoring, ballistics, the census, and national security. Rather than shying away from the politics and complexities of their intended uses, in Close Up at a Distance Laura Kurgan attempts to illuminate them. Poised at the intersection of art, architecture, activism, and geography, her analysis uncovers the implicit biases of the new views, the means of recording information they present, and the new spaces they have opened up. Her presentation of these maps reclaims, repurposes, and discovers new and even inadvertent uses for them, including documentary, memorial, preservation, interpretation, political, or simply aesthetic. GPS has been available to both civilians and the military since 1991; the World Wide Web democratized the distribution of data in 1992; Google Earth has captured global bird’s-eye views since 2005. Technology has brought about a revolutionary shift in our ability to navigate, inhabit, and define the spatial realm. The traces of interactions, both physical and virtual, charted by the maps in Close Up at a Distance define this shift. View full abstract»

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      Mapping Considered as a Problem of Theory and Practice

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Research Conducted Through Practice a Theory Machine, From Theory to Practice, “What is called reality is constituted in a complex of representations” View full abstract»

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      Representation and the Necessity of Interpretation

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Opacity of Transparency, Interpretation and “The View From Nowhere”, Para-Empiricism View full abstract»

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      Lexicon

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      The maps in this book are drawn with satellites, assembled with pixels radioed from outer space, and constructed from statistics; they record situations of intense conflict and express fundamental transformations in our ways of seeing and of experiencing space. These maps are built with Global Positioning Systems (GPS), remote sensing satellites, or Geographic Information Systems (GIS): digital spatial hardware and software designed for such military and governmental uses as reconnaissance, secrecy, monitoring, ballistics, the census, and national security. Rather than shying away from the politics and complexities of their intended uses, in Close Up at a Distance Laura Kurgan attempts to illuminate them. Poised at the intersection of art, architecture, activism, and geography, her analysis uncovers the implicit biases of the new views, the means of recording information they present, and the new spaces they have opened up. Her presentation of these maps reclaims, repurposes, and discovers new and even inadvertent uses for them, including documentary, memorial, preservation, interpretation, political, or simply aesthetic. GPS has been available to both civilians and the military since 1991; the World Wide Web democratized the distribution of data in 1992; Google Earth has captured global bird’s-eye views since 2005. Technology has brought about a revolutionary shift in our ability to navigate, inhabit, and define the spatial realm. The traces of interactions, both physical and virtual, charted by the maps in Close Up at a Distance define this shift. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      From Military Surveillance to the Public Sphere

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Global Positioning System (GPS), Remote-Sensing Satellites, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Projects

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      The maps in this book are drawn with satellites, assembled with pixels radioed from outer space, and constructed from statistics; they record situations of intense conflict and express fundamental transformations in our ways of seeing and of experiencing space. These maps are built with Global Positioning Systems (GPS), remote sensing satellites, or Geographic Information Systems (GIS): digital spatial hardware and software designed for such military and governmental uses as reconnaissance, secrecy, monitoring, ballistics, the census, and national security. Rather than shying away from the politics and complexities of their intended uses, in Close Up at a Distance Laura Kurgan attempts to illuminate them. Poised at the intersection of art, architecture, activism, and geography, her analysis uncovers the implicit biases of the new views, the means of recording information they present, and the new spaces they have opened up. Her presentation of these maps reclaims, repurposes, and discovers new and even inadvertent uses for them, including documentary, memorial, preservation, interpretation, political, or simply aesthetic. GPS has been available to both civilians and the military since 1991; the World Wide Web democratized the distribution of data in 1992; Google Earth has captured global bird’s-eye views since 2005. Technology has brought about a revolutionary shift in our ability to navigate, inhabit, and define the spatial realm. The traces of interactions, both physical and virtual, charted by the maps in Close Up at a Distance define this shift. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      You Are Here

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Global Positioning, Point, Line, Implied Plane, Letters, Map, Museu, Fronts, Pixels View full abstract»

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      Kuwait: Image Mapping

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Kuwait: Image Mapping View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Cape Town, South Africa, 1968: Search or Surveillance?

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Search or Surveillance: What can we do with what we see there now?, Khayelitsha (Before and After Apartheid) View full abstract»

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      Kosovo 1999: SPOT 083-264

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Kosovo: Spot 083-264, June 3 and June 6, 1999, A Digital Memorial, Clouded Memory View full abstract»

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      New York, September 11, 2001

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Kosovo: New York, September 11, 2001, Four Days Later View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Around Ground Zero

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: The Map, Interview with Alice Twemlow View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Monochrome Landscapes

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Monochrome Landscapes, Zoom, White, Blue, Green, Yellow, Shades Of Green View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Global Clock

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Global Clock View full abstract»

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      Million-Dollar Blocks

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: What are Million-Dollar Blocks? Or, Justice and the City, Why are so many Americans in Jail and Prison?, From Data to Maps, From Crime Maps to Admissions Maps, Redefining the Problem: Mass Migration and Reentry, Money Maps, Criminal Justice as Infrastructure View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Acknowledgments

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      The maps in this book are drawn with satellites, assembled with pixels radioed from outer space, and constructed from statistics; they record situations of intense conflict and express fundamental transformations in our ways of seeing and of experiencing space. These maps are built with Global Positioning Systems (GPS), remote sensing satellites, or Geographic Information Systems (GIS): digital spatial hardware and software designed for such military and governmental uses as reconnaissance, secrecy, monitoring, ballistics, the census, and national security. Rather than shying away from the politics and complexities of their intended uses, in Close Up at a Distance Laura Kurgan attempts to illuminate them. Poised at the intersection of art, architecture, activism, and geography, her analysis uncovers the implicit biases of the new views, the means of recording information they present, and the new spaces they have opened up. Her presentation of these maps reclaims, repurposes, and discovers new and even inadvertent uses for them, including documentary, memorial, preservation, interpretation, political, or simply aesthetic. GPS has been available to both civilians and the military since 1991; the World Wide Web democratized the distribution of data in 1992; Google Earth has captured global bird’s-eye views since 2005. Technology has brought about a revolutionary shift in our ability to navigate, inhabit, and define the spatial realm. The traces of interactions, both physical and virtual, charted by the maps in Close Up at a Distance define this shift. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Exhibitions, Installations, Publications

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: 1 You Are Here, 2 Kuwait: Image Mapping, 3 Cape Town, South Africa, 1968: Search Or Surveillance?, 4 Kosovo 1999: Spot 083-264, 5 New York, September 11, 2001, 6 Around Ground Zero, 7 Monochrome Landscapes, 8 Global Clock, 9 Million-Dollar Blocks View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Notes

      Kurgan, L.
      Close Up at a Distance:Mapping, Technology, and Politics

      Copyright Year: 2013

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Lexicon, Projects View full abstract»




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