Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2012
Author(s): Das, J.
Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: General Topics for Engineers (Math, Science & Engineering) ;  Power, Energy, & Industry Applications
  • Print

Abstract

Up-to-date analysis methodologies and practical mitigation for a major electrical safety concernArc Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation is the first book to focus specifically on arc flash hazards and provide the latest methodologies for its analysis as well as practical mitigation techniques.Consisting of sixteen chapters, this fully up-to-date handbook covers all aspects of arc flash hazard calculations and mitigation. It addresses the calculations of short circuits, protective relaying, and varied electrical systems configurations in electrical power systems. It also examines protection systems, including differential relays, arc flash sensing relays, protective relaying coordination, current transformer operation and saturation, and applications to major electrical equipment from the arc flash point of view. Current technologies and strategies for arc flash mitigation are explored. Using the methodology, analysis, and preventive measures discussed in the book, the arc flash hazard incident energy can be reduced to 8 cal/cm2 or less for the new and existing electrical distribution systems.This powerful resource:
Features the most up-to-date arc flash analysis methodologies
Presents arc flash hazard calculations in dc systems
Supplies practical examples and case studies
Provides end-of-chapter reviews and questions
Includes a Foreword written by Lanny Floyd, a world-renowned leader in electrical safety who is DuPont's Principal Consultant on Electrical Safety and TechnologyArc Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation is a must-have guide for electrical engineers engaged in design, operation, and maintenance, consulting engineers, facility managers, and safety professionals.

  •   Click to expandTable of Contents

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Frontmatter

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.fmatter
      Page(s): i - xxiii
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      The prelims comprise:
      Half Title
      IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering
      Title
      Copyright
      Contents
      Foreword
      Preface
      About the Author View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Arc Flash Hazards and their Analyses

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch1
      Page(s): 1 - 39
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Electrical Arcs
      Arc Flash Hazard and Personal Safety
      Time Motion Studies
      Arc Flash Hazards
      Arc Blast
      Electrical Shock Hazard
      Fire Hazard
      Arc Flash Hazard Analysis
      Personal Protective Equipment
      Hazard Boundaries
      Maximum Duration of an Arc Flash Event and Arc Flash Boundary
      Reasons for Internal Arcing Faults
      Arc Flash Hazard Calculation Steps
      Examples of Calculations
      Reducing Arc Flash Hazard
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Safety and Prevention Through Design: A New Frontier

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch2
      Page(s): 40 - 59
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Electrical Standards and Codes
      Prevention through Design
      Limitations of Existing Codes, Regulations, and Standards
      Electrical Hazards
      Changing the Safety Culture
      Risk Analysis for Critical Operation Power Systems
      Reliability Analysis
      Maintenance and Operation
      Safety Integrity Level and Safety Instrumented System
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Critique of IEEE Guide 1584 Arc Flash Calculations

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch3
      Page(s): 60 - 81
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Variations of Arcing Currents
      Gap between Electrodes
      Variations of Incident Energy
      Some Anomalies in IEEE Equations
      Lee's Arc Model
      IEEE Experimental Model Setup
      Electrical Arc Burn Hazard
      Effect of Insulating Barriers
      Arc Flash Test Models
      Alternate Equations
      Further Testing and Research
      Effectiveness of PPE Calculated Based on IEEE 1584 Guide
      Review Question
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Arc Flash Hazard and System Grounding

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch4
      Page(s): 82 - 127
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      System and Equipment Grounding
      Low Resistance Grounding
      High Resistance Grounded Systems
      Ungrounded Systems
      Reactance Grounding
      Resonant Grounding
      Corner of Delta-Grounded Systems
      Surge Arresters
      Artificially Derived Neutrals
      Multiple Grounded Systems
      Arc Flash Hazard in Solidly Grounded Systems
      Protection and Coordination in Solidly Grounded Systems
      Ground Fault Coordination in Low Resistance Grounded Medium Voltage Systems
      Monitoring of Grounding Resistors
      Selection of Grounding Systems
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Short-Circuit Calculations According to ANSI/IEEE Standards for Arc Flash Analysis

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch5
      Page(s): 128 - 175
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Types of Calculations
      Rating Structure of HV Circuit Breakers
      Low-Voltage Motors
      Rotating Machine Model
      Calculation Methods
      Network Reduction
      Calculation Procedure
      Capacitor and Static Converter Contributions to Short-Circuit Currents
      Typical Computer-Based Calculation Results
      Examples of Calculations
      Thirty-Cycle Short-Circuit Currents
      Unsymmetrical Short-Circuit Currents
      Computer Methods
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Accounting for Decaying Short-Circuit Currents in Arc Flash Calculations

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch6
      Page(s): 176 - 202
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Short Circuit of a Passive Element
      Systems with No AC Decay
      Reactances of a Synchronous Machine
      Saturation of Reactances
      Time Constants of Synchronous Machines
      Synchronous Machine Behavior on Terminal Short Circuit
      Short Circuit of Synchronous Motors and Condensers
      Short Circuit of Induction Motors
      A New Algorithm for Arc Flash Calculations with Decaying Short-Circuit Currents
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Protective Relaying

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch7
      Page(s): 203 - 265
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Protection and Coordination from Arc Flash Considerations
      Classification of Relay Types
      Design Criteria of Protective Systems
      Overcurrent Protection
      Low Voltage Circuit Breakers
      Short-Circuit Ratings of Low Voltage Circuit Breakers
      Series-Connected Ratings
      Fuses
      Application of Fuses for Arc Flash Reduction
      Conductor Protection
      Motor Protection
      Generator 51-V Protection
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Unit Protection Systems

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch8
      Page(s): 266 - 305
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Overlapping the Zones of Protection
      Importance of Differential Systems for Arc Flash Reduction
      Bus Differential Schemes
      High Impedance Differential Relays
      Low Impedance Current Differential Relays
      Electromechanical Transformer Differential Relays
      Microprocessor-Based Transformer Differential Relays
      Pilot Wire Protection
      Modern Line Current Differential Protection
      Examples of Arc Flash Reduction with Differential Relays
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Arc Fault Detection Relays

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch9
      Page(s): 306 - 325
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Principle of Operation
      Light Intensity
      Light Sensor Types
      Other Hardware
      Selective Tripping
      Supervision with Current Elements
      Applications
      Examples of Calculation
      Arc VaultTM Protection for Low Voltage Systems
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Overcurrent Coordination

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch10
      Page(s): 326 - 364
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Standards and Requirements
      Data for the Coordination Study
      Computer-Based Coordination
      Initial Analysis
      Coordinating Time Interval
      Fundamental Considerations for Coordination
      Coordination on Instantaneous Basis
      NEC Requirements of Selectivity
      Energy Boundary Curves
      The Art of Compromise
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Transformer Protection

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch11
      Page(s): 365 - 412
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      NEC Requirements
      Arc Flash Considerations
      System Configurations of Transformer Connections
      Through Fault Current Withstand Capability
      Constructing the Through Fault Curve Analytically
      Transformer Primary Fuse Protection
      Overcurrent Relays for Transformer Primary Protection
      Listing Requirements
      Effect of Transformer Winding Connections
      Requirements of Ground Fault Protection
      Through Fault Protection
      Overall Transformer Protection
      A Practical Study for Arc Flash Reduction
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Current Transformers

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch12
      Page(s): 413 - 441
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Accuracy Classification of CTs
      Constructional Features of CTs
      Secondary Terminal Voltage Rating
      CT Ratio and Phase Angle Errors
      Interrelation of CT Ratio and C Class Accuracy
      Polarity of Instrument Transformers
      Application Considerations
      Series and Parallel Connections of CTs
      Transient Performance of the CTs
      Practicality of Application
      CTs for Low Resistance-Grounded Medium Voltage Systems
      Future Directions
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Arc-Resistant Equipment

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch13
      Page(s): 442 - 460
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Calculations of Arc Flash Hazard in Arc-Resistant Equipment
      Qualifications in IEEE Guide
      Accessibility Types
      IEC Accessibility Types
      Arc-Resistant Ratings
      Testing According to IEEE Guide
      Pressure Relief
      Venting and Plenums
      Cable Entries
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Recent Trends and Innovations

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch14
      Page(s): 461 - 502
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Statistical Data of Arc Flash Hazards
      Zone-Selective Interlocking
      Microprocessor-Based Low Voltage Switchgear
      Low Voltage Motor Control Centers
      Maintenance Mode Switch
      Infrared Windows and Sight Glasses
      Fault Current Limiters
      Partial Discharge Measurements
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Arc Flash Hazard Calculations in DC Systems

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch15
      Page(s): 503 - 539
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      Calculations of the Short-Circuit Currents in DC Systems
      Sources of DC Short-Circuit Currents
      IEC Calculation Procedures
      Short Circuit of a Lead Acid Battery
      Short Circuit of DC Motors and Generators
      Short-Circuit Current of a Rectifier
      Short Circuit of a Charged Capacitor
      Total Short-Circuit Current
      DC Circuit Breakers and Fuses
      Arcing in DC Systems
      Equations for Calculation of Incident Energy in DC Systems
      Protection of the Semiconductor Devices
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Application of Ethernet and IEC 61850 Communications

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.ch16
      Page(s): 540 - 557
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:
      IEC 61850 Protocol
      Modern IEDs
      Substation Architecture
      IEC 61850 Communication Structure
      Logical Nodes
      Ethernet Connection
      Networking Media
      Network Topologies
      Application to Arc Flash Relaying and Communications
      Review Questions
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Appendix A: Statistics and Probability Applied to Electrical Engineering

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.app1
      Page(s): 558 - 566
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This appendix contains sections titled:
      Mean Mode and Median
      Mean and Standard Deviation
      Skewness and Kurtosis
      Normal or Gaussian Distribution
      Curve Fitting: Least Square Line
      References View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Appendix B: Tables for Quick Estimation of Incident Energy and PPE in Electrical Systems

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.app2
      Page(s): 567 - 604
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      No abstract. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.index
      Page(s): 605 - 614
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      No abstract. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering

      Das, J.
      ARC Flash Hazard Analysis and Mitigation

      DOI: 10.1002/9781118402498.scard
      Page(s): 615 - 617
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      No abstract. View full abstract»




| Create Account

IEEE Account

Purchase Details

Profile Information

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.