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Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2003
Author(s): Bett, K.; Rowlinson, J.; Saville, G.
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Power, Energy, & Industry Applications
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Abstract

This textbook covers the thermodynamics needed by chemical engineers both in their engineering and in their chemistry; it is intended for use in all undergraduate and some graduate-level courses. The authors emphasize a rigorous yet concise presentation of the fundamental chemical concepts governing the behavior of single and multicomponent mixtures, including phase and chemical equilibria. In the application of these concepts, consideration is given to the presentation of experimentally measured thermodynamic properties, and to their prediction for real fluids and their mixtures using methods founded on statistical mechanics. Several applications involving the transfer of heat and work that are of special importance to chemical engineers are studied in detail to show the use of thermodynamics in improving performance. The book is written in SI units and contains worked examples, exercises, and problems.

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      Front Matter

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): i - xii
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Title, Copyright, Preface, Contents, Principal Symbols, Standard States, Useful Constants View full abstract»

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      Heat and Work

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 1 - 27
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Equilibrium, Temperature, Definitions, Heat and work, Work, Work in a closed system, Work in a steady state flow system, Conclusions, Problems, Answers, Note View full abstract»

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      First Law of Thermodynamics

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 28 - 48
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, The first law applied to a closed system, The first law applied to a steady state flow system, Relation between enthalpy and internal energy, Internal energy and enthalpy, Systems involving potential and kinetic energy, Heat capacities, Measurement of heat capacities, Latent heat, Measurement of latent heat, Use of H and U in constant pressure and constant volume processes, Energy zeros for internal energy and enthalpy, Problems, Answers, Note View full abstract»

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      Second Law of Thermodynamics

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 49 - 123
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Heat engine, Reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine, Carnot refrigerator and heat pump, The second law of thermodynamics, Carnot principle, Thermodynamic scales of temperature, Entropy, Entropy changes in irreversible processes, Relationship between entropy and other thermodynamic functions for systems of constant composition, Identity of the gas thermometer and thermodynamic scales of temperature, The perfect gas, Calculation of entropy changes, Zero of entropy, Joule-Thomson expansion, Isothermal Joule-Thomson experiment, Joule expansion, Speed of sound, Free energy functions, Zeros for G and A, Free energy changes in an irreversible process, Systems at equilibrium, Clapeyron's equation, Availability and maximum work, Use of availability in the analysis of processes, Problems, Answers, Notes View full abstract»

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      Gases, Liquids and Solids

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 124 - 179
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, P-V-T surface of a typical pure substance, P-V diagram, P-T diagram, Gas-liquid region, P-V-T measurements, Deviations of real gas behaviour from that of a perfect gas, Compression factor, Fugacity, Equations of state, Virial equation, van der Waals' equation, Equations of practical importance, Scaling equations, P-V-T relationships for condensed phases, Calculation of thermodynamic properties, Tables of thermodynamic properties, Thermodynamic charts, Bibliography of thermodynamic tables and charts, Problems, Answers, Notes View full abstract»

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      Devices for the transfer of heat and work

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 180 - 286
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Flow of fluids in ducts, Isentropic expansion of fluids in nozzles, Effect of back pressure on flow in nozzles, Nozzle efficiency, Heat and work effects in the compression and expansion of fiuids, Classification of compressors and expanders, Reciprocating piston compressors, Rotary compressors, Reciprocating expansion engines, Dynamic compressors and expanders, Turbines, Turbo-compressors, Efficiency of turbo-machinery, Refrigeration and gas liquefaction, Minimum work of refrigeration, Refrigeration cycles, Modification to the vapour-compression cycle, Low temperature gas liquefaction, Liquefaction processes, Production of power, Problems, Answers, Notes View full abstract»

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      Mixtures and Solutions

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 287 - 338
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Partial quantities, Chemical potential, The perfect gas mixture, The ideal mixture, Real gas mixtures: the virial expansion, Real gas mixtures: general relations, Liquid mixtures, The ideal dilute solution, Solubility of a solid in a liquid, Solubility of gases in liquids, Polymer solutions, Solutions of electrolytes, Surfaces of liquids and liquid mixtures, Problems, Answers, Notes View full abstract»

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      Phase Equilibria

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 339 - 391
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, The phase rule, Systems of one component, Glasses, Two components: liquid and vapour, Two components: the thermodynamics of distillation, Two components: gas-liquid critical points, Two components: two liquid phases, Two components: azeotropes, Two components: liquid and solid, Three components, Problems, Answers, Notes View full abstract»

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      Chemical Equilibria

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 392 - 436
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Equilibria in gas mixtures, Equilibria between gases and solids, The third law of thermodynamics, Use of tables, Adiabatic reactions, Calculation of the equilibrium composition, Equilibria in solution, Electrochemical equilibria, Problems, Answers, Notes View full abstract»

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      Prediction of Thermodynamic Properties

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 437 - 486
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, The working equation of statistical thermodynamics, The perfect gas: principles, The perfect gas: applications, Mixed gases and chemical reactions, Real gases: the virial equation of state, The principle of corresponding states, Deviations from the principle of corresponding states, The properties of mixtures, Prediction and storage of thermodynamic data by computer, Notes View full abstract»

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      Appendix A

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 487 - 492
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Partial differentiation View full abstract»

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      Appendix B

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 493 - 494
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Benedict-Webb-Rubin equation for a pure substance View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Appendix C

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 495 - 497
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This textbook covers the thermodynamics needed by chemical engineers both in their engineering and in their chemistry; it is intended for use in all undergraduate and some graduate-level courses. The authors emphasize a rigorous yet concise presentation of the fundamental chemical concepts governing the behavior of single and multicomponent mixtures, including phase and chemical equilibria. In the application of these concepts, consideration is given to the presentation of experimentally measured thermodynamic properties, and to their prediction for real fluids and their mixtures using methods founded on statistical mechanics. Several applications involving the transfer of heat and work that are of special importance to chemical engineers are studied in detail to show the use of thermodynamics in improving performance. The book is written in SI units and contains worked examples, exercises, and problems. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Bett, K. ; Rowlinson, J. ; Saville, G.
      Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers

      Page(s): 499 - 505
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This textbook covers the thermodynamics needed by chemical engineers both in their engineering and in their chemistry; it is intended for use in all undergraduate and some graduate-level courses. The authors emphasize a rigorous yet concise presentation of the fundamental chemical concepts governing the behavior of single and multicomponent mixtures, including phase and chemical equilibria. In the application of these concepts, consideration is given to the presentation of experimentally measured thermodynamic properties, and to their prediction for real fluids and their mixtures using methods founded on statistical mechanics. Several applications involving the transfer of heat and work that are of special importance to chemical engineers are studied in detail to show the use of thermodynamics in improving performance. The book is written in SI units and contains worked examples, exercises, and problems. View full abstract»




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