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Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2003
Author(s): Ronal Larson; Ronald E. West
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Power, Energy, & Industry Applications
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Abstract

Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10

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      Front Matter

      Page(s): i - xii
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Title, Copyright, Contents, Series Foreword, Acknowledgments View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Technologies Implementation

      Page(s): 1
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

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      Introduction

      Page(s): 3 - 68
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Overview, Federal Commercialization Policy Options, Commercialization Assistance Methods Covered in This Volume, Evaluation of Solar Thermal Commercialization Activities, Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      The Role of Congress

      Page(s): 69 - 117
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Theses, Purpose and Scope, Overview, Ninety-third Congress: Creating a Statutory Framework, Ninety-fourth Congress: Building a Consensus for an Expanded Federal Role in Energy Markets, Ninety-fifth Congress: Completing a Comprehensive National Energy Policy, Ninety-sixth Congress: A Final Period of Policy Expansion, Solar Policy in the Reagan Era, and the Congressional Response, Summary and Outlook, References View full abstract»

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      Market Development

      Page(s): 119 - 174
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: A New Solar Industry, 1975: Solar Market Development Begins, Carter Administration, Reagan Administration, Bush Administration, Active Solar Thermal Market Development, Solar Market Location, Sellers, Sales, Imports and Exports, Review of Active Solar Industry, Solar Thermal Concentrator Markets, Passive Solar Energy Market Development, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Programmatic Perspectives

      Page(s): 175
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

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      Active Heating and Cooling

      Page(s): 177 - 197
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Historical Background, Legislative Mandates, National Program for Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings, Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      Passive Technologies

      Page(s): 199 - 212
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Denver Metro Home Builders Program, Passive Solar Industrialized Buildings Program, Nonresidential Experimental Buildings Program, Passive Solar Design Tool Development Program, Monitoring and Evaluation Program, Lessons Learned, Observations on the Adoption and Commercialization of Passive Solar Technologies, References View full abstract»

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      Passive Commercial Buildings Activities

      Page(s): 213 - 241
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Program Origins and Goals, Scope and Formal Structure of the Commercial Buildings Program, Methods of Inquiry, The Passive Solar Commercial Buildings Program Opportunity Notice, Passive Solar Curriculum Project, Results, Conclusions, Acknowledgments, References View full abstract»

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      Industrial Process Heat

      Page(s): 243 - 261
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Solar Industrial Process Heat Applications and Program, Solar IPH Field Test Program, Commercialization Issues, Summary, References View full abstract»

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      High-Temperature Technologies

      Page(s): 263 - 291
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Initial Mandate, Organizational History, Annual Budgets, Program Activities, Evaluation of the Implementation Program, Lessons Learned, Acknowledgments, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Demonstrations and Construction

      Page(s): 293
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

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      Residential Buildings

      Page(s): 295 - 324
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Residential Demonstration Program, Program Grants, Buildings, Systems, Participants, Repair Program, In Retrospect, References View full abstract»

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      Commercial Buildings

      Page(s): 325 - 357
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Program Authority, Organizational History, Program Management Activities, Hotel/Motel Hot Water Initiative Program, National Science Foundation Projects, Data Acquisition and Analysis, Lessons Learned, Success Stories, References View full abstract»

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      Federal Buildings

      Page(s): 359 - 386
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Legislative/Historical, Management Structure, Project Selection, Project Funding, Project Review and Control, Construction Summary, Data Reporting, Refurbishment, SFBP Manuals, Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations for Future Work, References View full abstract»

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      Agricultural Demonstration Programs

      Page(s): 387 - 409
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Rationale for Inclusion of Agriculture, Organization Agreements, Selection of Participants: Livestock Program, Participant Selection: Grain Drying, System Erection and Monitoring, Evaluation and Demonstration Procedures, Livestock Shelter Program Systems and Their Performance, Solar Drying Program Systems and Their Performance, Illinois Experiences with Solar Energy Projects, Illinois Projects versus Projects in Other States, Program Benefits and Information Dissemination, Greenhouse and Other USDA Energy Activities, Procedural Change Recommendations, References View full abstract»

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      Military Demonstration Programs

      Page(s): 411 - 441
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Program Characteristics, Organizational Structure, Energy Policy and Guidance, Funding, Demonstration Projects/Programs, Programs Funded from Military Appropriations, Demonstration Programs Using Nonappropriated Funds, Economics, Conclusions, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Quality Assurance

      Page(s): 443
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

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      Testing, Standards, and Certification

      Page(s): 445 - 497
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Role of Standards, National Solar Mandates, Organizations: A History of Federal and Private Involvement, U.S. Standards Organization, International Organizations Involved in Standardization, Lessons Learned, Acknowledgment, References View full abstract»

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      Consumer Assurance

      Page(s): 499 - 542
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Federal Consumer Assurance Mechanisms, Federal Activities, State-Level and Other Initiatives, SOLCAN: The Solar Consumer Assurance Network, Evaluative Evidence, Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Information

      Page(s): 543
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

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      Consumer Information

      Page(s): 545 - 591
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: General History, Programs Conducted by NSF, FEA, and ERDA, Energy Extension Service, Appropriate Technology Grants and National Center for Appropriate Technology, Department of Energy and the Solar Energy Research Institute, Other Agency Programs, Summary, Concluding Observations, Recommendations, References View full abstract»

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      Public Information

      Page(s): 593 - 618
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Needs for Information on Solar Technologies, Legislative and Administrative Mandates, Organizational Histories, Major Contractors, NSHCIC Program Activities, Relation to Other Organizations, Evaluation, Creation of CAREIRS, Conclusions, References View full abstract»

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      Technical Information

      Page(s): 619 - 643
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Background, Development of the Solar Energy Information Data Bank, Assessment of Federal Solar Information Activities, 1971–1981, Redirection of Solar Information Activities, Solar Technical Information Program, Summary Assessment and Future Directions, References View full abstract»

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      Training and Education

      Page(s): 645 - 674
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Scope and History of Federal Support for Solar Energy Education, Solar Education Activities Supported by DOE and Its Predecessors, Solar Education Activities Supported by Non-Energy-Related Federal Departments, Federally Sponsored Education-Related Conferences and Workshops, Solar Energy Research Institute, Postsecondary Education and Training: Growth and Emphasis, Vocational Education, Where Are We Now?, References, Appendix: Solar Energy Educational Survey View full abstract»

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      Regional Solar Energy Centers

      Page(s): 645 - 690
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Mandates, Planning Phase, Operational History of MASEC, Information Dissemination, Passive Solar Programs: Solar 80, Active Solar Programs, Other Solar Technologies, Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Technology Transfer

      Page(s): 691
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Liaison with Industry

      Page(s): 693 - 708
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Technology Transfer, Mandates for Solar Energy Technology Transfer, Implementation of Effective Technology Transfer, Special Federal Programs with Scientific/Trade Organizations, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Invention and Patent Policy, Lessons Learned, Conclusions, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Energy Research Institute

      Page(s): 709 - 729
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: SERI Materials Technology Transfer, Thermal Collector Systems Research, Conclusions, References View full abstract»

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      Los Alamos National Laboratory

      Page(s): 731 - 746
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Conceptual Framework, Background: Case Description, Analysis and Conclusions, Guidelines for Action, Recommendations, References View full abstract»

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      Argonne National Laboratory

      Page(s): 745 - 754
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: A Nonimaging Collector, CPC Development, Evaluative Evidence, Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Incentives

      Page(s): 755
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Tax Credits

      Page(s): 757 - 789
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Policy Expectations and the Rationale for the Tax Credits, Tax Credit Evaluation Research, Research Conclusions and Policy Experience, Conclusions and Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      Financing

      Page(s): 791 - 818
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Solar Bank, Limitations of Other Financing Programs, Legislative History, Organizational History, Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank as a Financing Mechanism, Budgets, Operation, Evaluative Evidence and Lessons Learned, Notes View full abstract»

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      Grants

      Page(s): 819 - 839
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Origins, National Level, Program Structure, Regional Level, Connecticut: A Case Study, Evaluation Studies, Conclusions, References View full abstract»

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      Solar Thermal Organizational Support

      Page(s): 841
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      International Activities

      Page(s): 843 - 858
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Program Goals, Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society, International Energy Agency, Bilateral Cooperative Research Programs, Solar Commercialization, In Summary, References View full abstract»

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      State and Local Programs

      Page(s): 859 - 889
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Federal Programs for State and Local Governments, State and Local Incentives and Regulatory Programs, State and Local Information and Training Programs Using Federal Funds, State and Local Quality Assurance and Testing Programs for Solar Heating, Evaluative Evidence and Lessons Learned, Conclusions, References View full abstract»

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      Public Utilities

      Page(s): 891 - 906
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Early Federal Government Efforts, Utility Initiatives in Decentralized Solar Thermal, Conclusion, References View full abstract»

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      Legal, Environmental, and Labor Issues

      Page(s): 907 - 938
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Federal Role, Statutory Guidance, Historical Perspective on Legal Environmental and Labor Studies, Legal Studies, Labor Issues, Environmental Studies, Results of Federal Studies, Lessons Learned, References View full abstract»

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      Contributors

      Page(s): 939 - 964
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Name Index

      Page(s): 965 - 967
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Subject Index

      Page(s): 969 - 995
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology describes thesuccesses and failures of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal energy program, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe demise of the program in the early Reagan administration andits afterlife since then. The emphasis throughout is on lessonslearned from the solar experience, with an eye toward applicationsto other projects as well as toward possible renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the history of government involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel development of the market for solarproducts. Part II looks at the histories of specific commercializationprograms for five areas (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive commercial building activities, industrialprocess heat, and high-temperature technologies). Parts III-VIIIfocus in turn on demonstration and construction projects, qualityassurance, information dissemination programs, efforts to transfertechnology to industry, incentive programs (tax credits, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar Heat Technologies: Fundamentals and Applications, Volume 10 View full abstract»