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Internal-Combustion Engine in Theory and Practice:Thermodynamics, Fluid Flow, Performance

Cover Image Copyright Year: 1985
Author(s): Charles Fayette Taylor
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Power, Energy, & Industry Applications
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Abstract

This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

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      Front Matter

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Volume Contents, Title, Copyright, Preface, Dedication, Contents View full abstract»

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      Introduction, Symbols, Units, Definitions

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Symbols, Fundamental Units, General Definitions, Definitions Relating to Engine Performance, Capacity and Efficiency, The General Energy Equation, Application of Steady-Flow Equations to Engines, Flow of Fluids Through Fixed Passages, Further Reading, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Air Cycles

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Ideal Cycles, The Air Cycle, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Thermodynamics of Actual Working Fluids

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Working Fluid Before Combustion, Composition of the Atmosphere, Thermodynamic Properties of Dry Air, Thermodynamic Properties of Fuels, Thermodynamic Properties of Fuel-Air Mixtures Before Combustion, Use of Chart 1 for Fuel-Air Mixtures, Mixing Fuel and Air, Thermodynamics of Combustion, Charts for Products of Combustion, Transfer from C-1 to Charts for Products of Combustion, Approximate Treatment of Fuel-Air Mixtures, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Fuel-Air Cycles

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Definitions, The Constant-Volume Fuel-Air Cycle Using Carbureted Mixture, Limited- Pressure Fuel-Air Cycle, Gas-Turbine Fuel-Air Cycles, Ideal Inlet and Exhaust Processes, Ideal Two-Stroke Inlet and Exhaust Processes, Characteristics of Fuel-Air Cycles, Equivalent Fuel-Air Cycles, Air Cycles and Fuel-Air Cycles Compared, Comparison of Real and Fuel-Air Cycles, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      The Actual Cycle

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Actual Cycle in Spark-Ignition Engines, Pressure and Temperature Measurements, Quantitative Analysis of Losses in Spark-Ignition Engines, Effect of Operating Variables on the Actual Cycle of Spark-Ignition Engines, The Actual Cycle in Diesel Engines, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Air Capacity of Four-Stroke Engines

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Definitions, Volumetric Efficiency, Measurements of Volumetric Efficiency in Engines, Volumetric Efficiency, Power, and Mean Effective Pressure, Ideal Induction Process, Volumetric Efficiency from the Indicator Diagram, Effect of Heat Transfer on Volumetric Efficiency, Use of Dimensional Analysis in Volumetric Efficiency Problems, Effect of Operating Conditions on Volumetric Efficiency, Effect of Design on Volumetric Efficiency, Estimating Air Capacity, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Two-Stroke Engines

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Scavenging Process, Ideal Scavenging Processes, Compression Ratio, Two-Stroke Definitions and Symbols, Relationship of Scavenging Ratio and Scavenging Efficiency, Measurement of Scavenging Ratio and Scavenging Efficiency, Two-Stroke Engine Flow Coefficient, Effects of Operating Conditions on Scavenging Ratio, Power to Scavenge, Design of Two-Stroke Cylinders, Choice of Cylinder Type, Scavenging Pumps, Choice of Scavenging Ratio, Supercharging Two-Stroke Engines, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Heat Losses

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: General Considerations, Processes of Heat Transfer, Basic Engine Heat-Transfer Equations, Over-All Heat-Transfer Coefficient, Effect of Operating Variables on Heat Loss to Coolant, Radiator and Fin Design, Heat Losses in Gas Turbines, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Mechanical Friction, Journal Bearings, Mechanical Friction of Engines, Pumping Mep in Four-Stroke Engines, The Motoring Test on Four-Stroke Engines, Friction Estimates, Wear, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Compressors, Exhaust Turbines, Heat Exchangers

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Ideal Compressor, Real Compressors, Compressor Types, Compressor Characteristics, Compressor Performance Curves, Reciprocating Compressors, Compressor-Engine Relations, Energy Available in the Exhaust, Exhaust Turbines in Practice, Turbine-Engine Combinations, Aftercoolers, Compressor Drives, Compressor-Engine-Turbine Combinations, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Influence of Cylinder Size on Engine Performance

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Similitude in Commercial Engines, Cylinder-Size Effects in Practice, Effect of Cylinder Size on Efficiency, Extreme Example of Size Effects, Implications of Cylinder-Size Effects, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      The Performance of Unsupercharged Engines

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Definitions, Basic Performance Measures, Commercial Engine Ratings, Basic Performance Equations for Unsupercharged Engines, Effect of Atmospheric Conditions on Performance, Effect of Altitude on Engine Performance, Effect of Fuel-Air Ratio on Performance, Effect of Spark Timing on Performance, Effect of Compression Ratio on Performance, Characteristic Performance Curves, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Supercharged Engines and Their Performance

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Definitions, Supercharging of Spark-Ignition Engines, Supercharging of Aircraft Engines, Supercharging of Automobile Engines, Supercharging of Diesel Engines, Supercharging for Heavy Vehicles, Aftercooling, Further Reading, Performance Computations, Highly Supercharged Diesel Engines, Free-Piston Powerplants, Effects of Pe/Pi Ratio, Illustrative Examples View full abstract»

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      Symbols and Their Dimensions

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Subscripts and Superscripts View full abstract»

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      Properties of a Perfect Gas

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

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      Flow of Fluids

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Analysis of Light, Spring Indicator Diagram

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Heat Transfer by Forced Convection between a Tube and a Fluid

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Flow through Two Orifices in Series

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Stresses Due to Motion and Gravity in Similar Engines

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Basic Engine Performance Equations

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Bibliography

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      1984 References for Vol. 1

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Back Matter

      Copyright Year: 1985

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

      View full abstract»