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Artificial Intelligence:The Very Idea

Cover Image Copyright Year: 1989
Author(s): John Haugeland
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Computing & Processing
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Abstract

"Machines who think -- how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence -- it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree.Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one.Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence?In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles -- including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality -- and their enigmatic prospects for solution.

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      Front Matter

      John Haugeland Page(s): i - 12
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Bradford Books, Title, Copyright, Dedication, Contents, Acknowledgments, Half-Title, Introduction View full abstract»

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      The Saga of the Modern Mind

      John Haugeland Page(s): 14 - 45
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Copernicus and the End of the Middle Ages, Galileo and the New Science, Hobbes—The Grandfather of AI, Descartes, The Paradox of Mechanical Reason, Hume—The Mental Mechanic View full abstract»

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      Automatic Formal Systems

      John Haugeland Page(s): 46 - 84
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Formal Games, Digital Systems, Medium Independence and Formal Equivalence, Finite Playability and Algorithms, Complex Tokens, Automatic Systems View full abstract»

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      Semantics

      John Haugeland Page(s): 86 - 123
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Meaningfulnes, Interpretation, Interpreted Formal Systems, Computers, GOFAI, Paradox and Mystery Dispelled View full abstract»

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      Computer Architecture

      John Haugeland Page(s): 124 - 164
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Babbage and His Analytical Engine, Turing Machines and Universality, The Ubiquitous von Neumann Machine, McCarthy's LISP, Newell's Production Systems View full abstract»

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      Real Machines

      John Haugeland Page(s): 166 - 211
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Pre-AI, Heuristic Search, Micro-Worlds, Commonsense Stereotypes, The Frame Problem View full abstract»

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      Real People

      John Haugeland Page(s): 212 - 254
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Pragmatic Sense, Mental Images, Feelings, Ego Involvement, The Very Idea View full abstract»

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      Notes

      John Haugeland Page(s): 255 - 266
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6 View full abstract»

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      Bibliography

      John Haugeland Page(s): 267 - 275
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      "Machines who think -- how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence -- it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree.Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one.Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence?In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles -- including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality -- and their enigmatic prospects for solution. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      John Haugeland Page(s): 277 - 287
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      "Machines who think -- how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence -- it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree.Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one.Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence?In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles -- including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality -- and their enigmatic prospects for solution. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Back Matter

      John Haugeland Page(s): 289
      Copyright Year: 1989

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      "Machines who think -- how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence -- it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree.Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one.Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence?In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles -- including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality -- and their enigmatic prospects for solution. View full abstract»