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Aircraft Engines and Gas Turbines

Cover Image Copyright Year: 1992
Author(s): Jack L. Kerrebrock
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Transportation
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Abstract

Aircraft Engines and Gas Turbines is widely used as a text in the United States and abroad, and has also become a standard reference for professionals in the aircraft engine industry. Unique in treating the engine as a complete system at increasing levels of sophistication, it covers all types of modern aircraft engines, including turbojets, turbofans, and turboprops, and also discusses hypersonic propulsion systems of the future. Performance is described in terms of the fluid dynamic and thermodynamic limits on the behavior of the principal components: inlets, compressors, combustors, turbines, and nozzles. Environmental factors such as atmospheric pollution and noise are treated along with performance.This new edition has been substantially revised to include more complete and up-to-date coverage of compressors, turbines, and combustion systems, and to introduce current research directions. The discussion of high-bypass turbofans has been expanded in keeping with their great commercial importance. Propulsion for civil supersonic transports is taken up in the current context. The chapter on hypersonic air breathing engines has been expanded to reflect interest in the use of scramjets to power the National Aerospace Plane. The discussion of exhaust emissions and noise and associated regulatory structures have been updated and there are many corrections and clarifications.Jack L. Kerrebrock is Richard Cockburn Maclaurin Professor of Aeronautic's and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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      Front Matter

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): i - xv
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Half Title, Title, Copyright, Contents, Preface to the Second Edition, Preface to the First Edition, Acknowledgements, Half Title View full abstract»

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      Introduction to Concepts

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 1 - 28
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Thermal Efficiency, Propulsive Efficiency, Specific Impulse and Range, Ramjets, Turbojets, Turbofans, Turboprops and Other Shaft Engines: Regeneration, Stationary Gas Turbines: Topping, Energy Exchange, Mach Number, and Reynods Number, Stresses, Noise, Thrust and Drag, Fuels and Propellants, Some Engines in Cutaway View full abstract»

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      Idea Cycle Analysis: Trends

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 29 - 72
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Stagnation Temperature and Pressure, The Ramjet, The Turbojet, The Afterburning Turbojet, The Turbofan, The Afterburning Turbofan, The Turboprop, Thrust Lapse, Cooling Cycles, The Regenerative Gas Turbine, Gas Turbines for Topping, The Improtance of Turbine Inlet and Temperature View full abstract»

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      Cycle Analysis with Losses

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 72 - 103
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Variation in Gas Properties, Diffuser Pressure Recovery, Compressor and Turbine Efficiencies, Burner Efficiency and Pressure Loss, Imperfect Expansion Loss, Heat Exchanger Effectiveness and Pressure Loss, Turbojet with Losses, Turbofan with Losses, Regenerate Gas Turbine with Losses, Combined Gas Turbine-Steam Cycles with Losses, Concluding Comments View full abstract»

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      Nonrotating Components

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 105 - 183
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Topics in Gas Dynamics, Diffusers, Exhaust Nozzles, Combustors and Afterburners View full abstract»

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      Compressors and Fans

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 185 - 282
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Energy Exchange, Rotor to Fluid, Compressor Geometry and the Flow Pattern, Design Choices Based on Blade Section Performance, Details of Flow in Transonic Compressors, Stage Performance: Correlated Parameters, Multi-Stage Compressors, Compressor and Compression System Stability, Centrifugal Compressors, Supersonic-Throughflow Fan View full abstract»

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      Turbines

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 283 - 314
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Turbine Stage Characteristics, Turbine Blading, Turbine Cooling, Turbine Design Systems, Turbine Similarity View full abstract»

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      Engine Structures

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 315 - 346
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Centrifugal Stresses, Gas Bending Loads on Blades, Thermal Stresses, Critical Speeds and Vibration, Blade Flutter, Bearings, Engine Arrangement and Static Structure View full abstract»

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      Component Matching and Engine Performance

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 347 - 364
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Compressor-Turbine Matching: The Gas Generator, Matching the Gas Generator and the Nozzle, Multi-Spool Matching, Engine-Inlet Matching and Distortion, Overall Performance, Control and Acceleration View full abstract»

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      Aircraft Engine Noise

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 365 - 400
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Noise Sources Unsteady Flow, Jet Noise, Turbomachinery Noise, Noise Measurement and Rules View full abstract»

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      Hypersonic Engines

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 401 - 452
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Hypersonic Inlets, Heat Addition in High-Speed Flow, Heat Release Due to Chemical Reactions, Nozzle Flow, Fuel Injection and Mixing, Quantitative Discussion of Scramjet Performance, Cooling the Scramjet, The Air Turborocket, The Liquid-Air Collection Engine View full abstract»

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      Propulsion Systems Analysis

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 453 - 467
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: Takeoff, Climb and Accelertaion, Cruise, Maneuvering View full abstract»

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      Index

      Jack L. Kerrebrock Page(s): 469 - 478
      Copyright Year: 1992

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Aircraft Engines and Gas Turbines is widely used as a text in the United States and abroad, and has also become a standard reference for professionals in the aircraft engine industry. Unique in treating the engine as a complete system at increasing levels of sophistication, it covers all types of modern aircraft engines, including turbojets, turbofans, and turboprops, and also discusses hypersonic propulsion systems of the future. Performance is described in terms of the fluid dynamic and thermodynamic limits on the behavior of the principal components: inlets, compressors, combustors, turbines, and nozzles. Environmental factors such as atmospheric pollution and noise are treated along with performance.This new edition has been substantially revised to include more complete and up-to-date coverage of compressors, turbines, and combustion systems, and to introduce current research directions. The discussion of high-bypass turbofans has been expanded in keeping with their great commercial importance. Propulsion for civil supersonic transports is taken up in the current context. The chapter on hypersonic air breathing engines has been expanded to reflect interest in the use of scramjets to power the National Aerospace Plane. The discussion of exhaust emissions and noise and associated regulatory structures have been updated and there are many corrections and clarifications.Jack L. Kerrebrock is Richard Cockburn Maclaurin Professor of Aeronautic's and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. View full abstract»