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A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2003
Author(s): Bourne, C.; Hahn, T.
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Computing & Processing (Hardware/Software)
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Abstract

Every field of history has a basic need for a detailed chronology of what happened: who did what when. In the absence of such a resource, fanciful accounts flourish. This book provides a rich narrative of the early development of online information retrieval systems and services, from 1963 to 1976--a period important to anyone who uses a search engine, online catalog, or large database. Drawing on personal experience, extensive research, and interviews with many of the key participants, the book describes the individuals, projects, and institutions of the period. It also corrects many common errors and misconceptions and provides milestones for many of the significant developments in online systems and technology.

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      Front Matter

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): i - xvi
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Title, Copyright, Contents, Acknowledgments, Foreword, Acronyms and Abbreviations, Prologue View full abstract»

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      Introduction

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 1 - 10
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Online Retrieval Story, Existing Histories of Online, Research Methodology, Organization and Themes View full abstract»

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      Early Research and Development Activities

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 11 - 60
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Stanford Research Institute, System Development Corporation (SDC), University of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, American Library Association (ALA), International Business Machines Corporation, TRW and Bunker-Ramo Corporation, General Electric Company, Summary View full abstract»

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      Further Experimentation and Prototypes in Universities, Mid-1960s to Early 1970s

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 61 - 100
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Syracuse University, University of Pennsylvania, University of Toronto, University of Illinois, Lehigh University, Stanford University, University of Alberta, Queen's University of Belfast, University of Michigan, University of Oklahoma, University of California-Los Angeles, Northwestern University, University of WashingtonUniversity of Pittsburgh, Department of Chemistry, Harvard University/Cornell University, Washington State University/U.S. Forest Service, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Naval Postgraduate School, University of Tokyo, Summary View full abstract»

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      Experimental Systems Developed in Nonacademic Laboratories, Mid-1960s to Early 1970s

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 101 - 139
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, System Development Corporation (SDC), North American Rockwell Corporation, Informatics, MITRE Corporation, Cox Coronary Heart Institute, U.S. Naval Material Command, Computer Corporation of America, Patent Office In-House System, Auerbach Corporation, Planning Research Corporation, Scientific Resources Corporation, UKAEA Culham Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL), International Labour Office, InfoData Systems, Inc., ASTIA/DDC/DTIC, Excerpta Medica Foundation, Library of Congress, Allen-Babcock, IBM Corporation, Benchmark for the 1960s: The COSATI Demonstrations, Summary View full abstract»

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      Lockheed DIALOG and Related Systems, 1961–1972

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 141 - 183
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Lockheed Support for Information Science R&D, First Building Block: MATICO, DIALOG Prototypes and Precursors, DIALOG, NASA/RECON, Other Early Applications, DIALOG/ERIC, ESRO/RECON, AEC/ERDA/DOE/RECON, Other Projects and Proposals, DIALOG (Lockheed Retrieval Service) View full abstract»

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      SDC ORBIT and Related Systems, 1963–1972

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 185 - 227
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, TDMS, SDC and WPAFB, General-Purpose ORBIT, ORBIT II, Modern Bibliographic Control of Medical, Joint Ventures between NLM and SDCLiterature, U.S. Department of State Installation, ERIC Projects, SDC Search Service View full abstract»

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      Computer Searching for the Legal Profession: Data Corporation, OBAR, Mead Data Central, 1964–1972

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 229 - 257
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Early Experimentation with Searching Legal Information, State Bar Association Activities, Early Commercial Legal Search Services, Data Corporation and Data Central, OBAR, Acquisition of Data Corporation by Mead, Other Applications of Data Central, COSATI Demonstrations, SSIE Test, Arthur D. Little Market Research Study, Spin-Off of MDC from Data Corporation View full abstract»

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      State University of New York Biomedical Communication Network, 1965–1976

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 259 - 277
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, A Network of Medical Libraries in New York, SUNY BCN, SUNY BCN and STAIRS View full abstract»

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      The Online Industry: The Public View

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 279 - 352
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, From the Sixties to the Seventies: Experiments to Full-Fledged Public Services, New Public Search Services of the Seventies, New In-House Search Services of the Seventies, Continuing Experimentation, Library Technical Processing, Bibliographic Utilities, OPACs, Hardware and Communications of the Seventies, Summary View full abstract»

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      Building the Online Industry: Behind the Scenes

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 353 - 403
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Wheeling and Dealing Behind the Scenes, Providing Service Operations Behind the Scenes, On the Road, On the Other Side of the Terminal: Online Users View full abstract»

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      Summing Up the Story

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 405 - 410
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains section titled: A Final Quick Summary View full abstract»

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      Notes

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 411 - 414
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: 2 Early Research and Development Activities, 3 Further Experimentation and Prototypes in Universities, Mid-1960s to Early 1970s, 5 Lockheed DIALOG and Related Systems, 1961–1972, 6 SDC ORBIT and Related Systems, 1963–1972, 7 Computer Searching for the Legal Profession, 1964–1972, 8 State University of New York Biomedical Communications Network, 1965–1976, 9 The Online Industry: The Public View, 10 Building the Online Industry: Behind the Scenes View full abstract»

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      Summary of Online Milestones

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 415 - 418
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Bibliography

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 419 - 467
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Every field of history has a basic need for a detailed chronology of what happened: who did what when. In the absence of such a resource, fanciful accounts flourish. This book provides a rich narrative of the early development of online information retrieval systems and services, from 1963 to 1976--a period important to anyone who uses a search engine, online catalog, or large database. Drawing on personal experience, extensive research, and interviews with many of the key participants, the book describes the individuals, projects, and institutions of the period. It also corrects many common errors and misconceptions and provides milestones for many of the significant developments in online systems and technology. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Bourne, C. ; Hahn, T.
      A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

      Page(s): 469 - 493
      Copyright Year: 2003

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Every field of history has a basic need for a detailed chronology of what happened: who did what when. In the absence of such a resource, fanciful accounts flourish. This book provides a rich narrative of the early development of online information retrieval systems and services, from 1963 to 1976--a period important to anyone who uses a search engine, online catalog, or large database. Drawing on personal experience, extensive research, and interviews with many of the key participants, the book describes the individuals, projects, and institutions of the period. It also corrects many common errors and misconceptions and provides milestones for many of the significant developments in online systems and technology. View full abstract»