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Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2008
Author(s): Deibert, R.; Palfrey, J.; Rohozinski, R.; Zittrain, J.; Stein, J.
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Engineering Profession
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Abstract

Many countries around the world block or filter Internet content, denying access to information that they deem too sensitive for ordinary citizens--most often about politics, but sometimes relating to sexuality, culture, or religion. Access Denied documents and analyzes Internet filtering practices in more than three dozen countries, offering the first rigorously conducted study of an accelerating trend. Internet filtering takes place in more than three dozen states worldwide, including many countries in Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa. Related Internet content-control mechanisms are also in place in Canada, the United States and a cluster of countries in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of global Internet filtering undertaken by the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, and the University of Cambridge) and relying on work by regional experts and an extensive network of researchers, Access Denied examines the political, legal, social, and cultural contexts of Internet filtering in these states from a variety of perspectives. Chapters discuss the mechanisms and politics of Internet filtering, the strengths and limitations of the technology that powers it, the relevance of international law, ethical considerations for corporations that supply states with the tools for blocking and filtering, and the implications of Internet filtering for activist communities that increasingly rely on Internet technologies for communicating their missions. Reports on Internet content regulation in forty different countries follow, with each two-page country profile outlining the types of content blocked by ca tegory and documenting key findings. ContributorsRoss Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva [as per Rob Faris], Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, Jonathan Zittrain

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      Front Matter

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): i - xv
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, The Information Revolution and Global Politics, Title, Copyright, Contents, Foreword, Preface View full abstract»

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      Introduction

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 1 - 4
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: A Tale of Two Internets, A Tale of Many Internets, Notes View full abstract»

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      Measuring Global Internet Filtering

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 5 - 27
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Scope and Depth of Global Internet Filtering, The Principal Motives and Targets of Filtering, A Survey of Global Filtering Strategies, Transparency, and Consistency, Summary Measures of Internet Filtering, Country-specific and Global Filtering, First Steps Toward Understanding Internet Filtering, Notes View full abstract»

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      Internet Filtering: The Politics and Mechanisms of Control

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 29 - 56
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Suppressing and Controlling Information on the Internet, Trends in Internet Filtering, Normative Analysis of Internet Filtering, Looking Ahead: The Future of Filtering, Weblogs, and Wikis, Notes View full abstract»

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      Tools and Technology of Internet Filtering

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 57 - 72
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Internet Background, Filtering Mechanisms, Comparison of Mechanisms, Discussion, Conclusion, Notes View full abstract»

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      Filtering and the International System: A Question of Commitment

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 73 - 101
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, The Backdrop, Key International Legal Instruments, Applying International Law to Filtering, Problem of Enforcement, Shifting the Emphasis to Private Actors, The Promise of International Standards, Notes View full abstract»

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      Reluctant Gatekeepers: Corporate Ethics on a Filtered Internet

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 103 - 122
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, First-Order Regulation of the Online Environment, Second-Order Regulation of the Online Environment: More State Control, Greater Pressure on Private Parties, New Markets, New Modes of Control, New Challenges, Integrated Modes of Online Control: Combining the Technical and the Legal, Two Taxonomies of Private Actors Facing This Quandary, Potential Responses, Conclusion, Notes View full abstract»

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      Good for Liberty, Bad for Security? Global Civil Society and the Securitization of the Internet

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 123 - 149
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Global Civic Networks in the Internet Environment, Internet Protection and Hacktivism, Toward Uncivil Society Networks and the Rise of Dark Nets, Assertions of State Power Over Civic, Resistance, and Dark Nets in Cyberspace, Filtering Data Analysis, Securing and Filtering Blogs, Evolving Techniques: Just-in-Time Blocking, DoS, and Computer Network Attack, Conclusions, Notes View full abstract»

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      Regional Overviews

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 151 - 234
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction to the Regional Overviews, Internet Filtering in: Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, United States and Canada View full abstract»

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      Country Summaries

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 235 - 432
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction to the Country Summaries, Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, China (including Hong Kong), Cuba, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malaysia, Moldova, Morocco, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe View full abstract»

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      Contributors

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 433
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Many countries around the world block or filter Internet content, denying access to information that they deem too sensitive for ordinary citizens--most often about politics, but sometimes relating to sexuality, culture, or religion. Access Denied documents and analyzes Internet filtering practices in more than three dozen countries, offering the first rigorously conducted study of an accelerating trend. Internet filtering takes place in more than three dozen states worldwide, including many countries in Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa. Related Internet content-control mechanisms are also in place in Canada, the United States and a cluster of countries in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of global Internet filtering undertaken by the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, and the University of Cambridge) and relying on work by regional experts and an extensive network of researchers, Access Denied examines the political, legal, social, and cultural contexts of Internet filtering in these states from a variety of perspectives. Chapters discuss the mechanisms and politics of Internet filtering, the strengths and limitations of the technology that powers it, the relevance of international law, ethical considerations for corporations that supply states with the tools for blocking and filtering, and the implications of Internet filtering for activist communities that increasingly rely on Internet technologies for communicating their missions. Reports on Internet content regulation in forty different countries follow, with each two-page country profile outlining the types of content blocked by ca tegory and documenting key findings. ContributorsRoss Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva [as per Rob Faris], Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, Jonathan Zittrain View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Deibert, R. ; Palfrey, J. ; Rohozinski, R. ; Zittrain, J. ; Stein, J.
      Access Denied:The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

      Page(s): 435 - 449
      Copyright Year: 2008

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      Many countries around the world block or filter Internet content, denying access to information that they deem too sensitive for ordinary citizens--most often about politics, but sometimes relating to sexuality, culture, or religion. Access Denied documents and analyzes Internet filtering practices in more than three dozen countries, offering the first rigorously conducted study of an accelerating trend. Internet filtering takes place in more than three dozen states worldwide, including many countries in Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa. Related Internet content-control mechanisms are also in place in Canada, the United States and a cluster of countries in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of global Internet filtering undertaken by the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, and the University of Cambridge) and relying on work by regional experts and an extensive network of researchers, Access Denied examines the political, legal, social, and cultural contexts of Internet filtering in these states from a variety of perspectives. Chapters discuss the mechanisms and politics of Internet filtering, the strengths and limitations of the technology that powers it, the relevance of international law, ethical considerations for corporations that supply states with the tools for blocking and filtering, and the implications of Internet filtering for activist communities that increasingly rely on Internet technologies for communicating their missions. Reports on Internet content regulation in forty different countries follow, with each two-page country profile outlining the types of content blocked by ca tegory and documenting key findings. ContributorsRoss Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva [as per Rob Faris], Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, Jonathan Zittrain View full abstract»