By Topic

Digital Libraries

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2001
Author(s): William Y. Arms
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Engineering Profession
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Abstract

The emergence of the Internet and the wide availability of affordable computing equipment have created tremendous interest in digital libraries and electronic publishing. This book is the first to provide an integrated overview of the field, including a historical perspective, the state of the art, and current research.The term "digital libraries" covers the creation and distribution of all types of information over networks, ranging from converted historical materials to kinds of information that have no analogues in the physical world. In some ways digital libraries and traditional libraries are very different, yet in other ways they are remarkably similar. People still create information that has to be organized, stored, and distributed, and they still need to find and use information that others have created. An underlying theme of this book is that no aspect of digital libraries can be understood in isolation or without attention to the needs of the people who create and use information. Although the book covers a wide range of technical, economic, social, and organizational topics, the focus is on the actual working components of a digital library.

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      Front Matter

      Page(s): i - xiii
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Digital Libraries and Electronic Publishing, Title, Copyrights, Contents, Series Foreword, Preface, Acknowledgements, Half Title View full abstract»

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      Libraries, Technology, and People

      Page(s): 1 - 20
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Economics, Why Digital Libraries?, The Cost of Digital Libraries, Technical Developments, Access to Digital Libraries, Basic Concepts and Terminology, The Challenge of Change View full abstract»

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      The Internet and the World Wide Web

      Page(s): 21 - 38
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Internet, The World Wide Web View full abstract»

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      Libraries and Publishers

      Page(s): 39 - 56
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Resource Sharing and Online Catalogs, Linking Online Catalogs and Z39.50, Abstracts and Indexes, Information Retrieval, Markup Languages, Digital Libraries of Scientific Journals, Conversion Projects and the Humanities, Libraries and Innovation View full abstract»

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      Innovation and Research

      Page(s): 57 - 76
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Object Models, User Interfaces and Human-Computer Interaction, Information Discovery, Managing and Preserving Collections, Interoperability, Scale, Economic, Social, and Legal Issues, Research around the World View full abstract»

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      People, Organizations, and Change

      Page(s): 77 - 97
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Digital Libraries Created by Users, The Motives of Creators and Users, The Information Professions and Change, New Forms of Organizations, Universities and Their Libraries, Buildings for Digital Libraries View full abstract»

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      Economic and Legal Issues

      Page(s): 99 - 121
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Economic Issues, The Legal Framework View full abstract»

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      Access Management and Security

      Page(s): 123 - 142
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Elements of Access Management, Enforcing Access-Management Policies, Security of Digital Libraries, Encryption View full abstract»

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      User Interfaces and Usability

      Page(s): 143 - 161
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Usability and the Design of User Interfaces, Browsers, Recent Advances in Design of User Interfaces, Computer Systems and Networks, User Interfaces for Multimedia Information, User Interfaces and the Effectiveness of Digital Libraries View full abstract»

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      Text

      Page(s): 163 - 185
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Markup, Page Description, and Style Sheets, Converting Text, Encoding Characters, SGML, Style Sheets, Page-Description Languages, Structure versus Appearance of Documents View full abstract»

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      Information Retrieval and Descriptive Metadata

      Page(s): 187 - 206
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Descriptive Metadata, Techniques of Information Retrieval, Natural-Language Processing and Computational Linguistics, User Interfaces and Information-Retrieval Systems View full abstract»

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      Distributed Information Discovery

      Page(s): 207 - 223
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Web Search Programs, Federated Digital Libraries, Research on Alternative Approaches to Distributed Searching, Beyond Searching View full abstract»

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      Object Models, Identifiers, and Structural Metadata

      Page(s): 225 - 243
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Works, Expressions, Manifestations, and Items, Expressions, Identification, Structural Metadata and Object Models, Dissemination View full abstract»

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      Repositories and Archives

      Page(s): 245 - 262
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Repositories, Protocols for Interoperability, Archiving View full abstract»

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      Digital Libraries and Electronic Publishing Today

      Page(s): 263 - 272
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: A Myopic View of Digital Libraries, People, Organizations, Collections and Access, Technology, Research and Development, A Concluding Note View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Glossary

      Page(s): 273 - 283
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      The emergence of the Internet and the wide availability of affordable computing equipment have created tremendous interest in digital libraries and electronic publishing. This book is the first to provide an integrated overview of the field, including a historical perspective, the state of the art, and current research.The term "digital libraries" covers the creation and distribution of all types of information over networks, ranging from converted historical materials to kinds of information that have no analogues in the physical world. In some ways digital libraries and traditional libraries are very different, yet in other ways they are remarkably similar. People still create information that has to be organized, stored, and distributed, and they still need to find and use information that others have created. An underlying theme of this book is that no aspect of digital libraries can be understood in isolation or without attention to the needs of the people who create and use information. Although the book covers a wide range of technical, economic, social, and organizational topics, the focus is on the actual working components of a digital library. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Page(s): 285 - 287
      Copyright Year: 2001

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      The emergence of the Internet and the wide availability of affordable computing equipment have created tremendous interest in digital libraries and electronic publishing. This book is the first to provide an integrated overview of the field, including a historical perspective, the state of the art, and current research.The term "digital libraries" covers the creation and distribution of all types of information over networks, ranging from converted historical materials to kinds of information that have no analogues in the physical world. In some ways digital libraries and traditional libraries are very different, yet in other ways they are remarkably similar. People still create information that has to be organized, stored, and distributed, and they still need to find and use information that others have created. An underlying theme of this book is that no aspect of digital libraries can be understood in isolation or without attention to the needs of the people who create and use information. Although the book covers a wide range of technical, economic, social, and organizational topics, the focus is on the actual working components of a digital library. View full abstract»