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Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2009
Author(s): Schäfer, A.; Heywood, J.; Jacoby, H.; Waitz, I.
Publisher: MIT Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Geoscience
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Abstract

In the nineteenth century, horse transportation consumed vast amounts of land for hay production, and the intense traffic and ankle-deep manure created miserable living conditions in urban centers. The introduction of the horseless carriage solved many of these problems but has created others. Today another revolution in transportation seems overdue. Transportation consumes two-thirds of the world's petroleum and has become the largest contributor to global environmental change. Most of this increase in scale can be attributed to the strong desire for personal mobility that comes with economic growth. In Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World, the authors present the first integrated assessment of the factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger transportation. They examine such topics as past and future travel demand; the influence of personal and business choices on passenger travel's climate impact; technologies and alternative fuels that may become available to mitigate GHG emissions from passenger transport; and policies that would promote a more sustainable transportation system. And most important, taking into account all of these options are taken together, they consider how to achieve a sustainable transportation system in the next thirty to fifty years.

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      Front Matter

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): i - xiii
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Half Title, Title, Copyright, Contents, Preface, Abbreviations View full abstract»

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      Introduction: From Local Impacts to Global Change

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 1 - 21
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: The Rise of the Automobile, The Growing Competition from Air Travel, Oil Dependence and Climate Change, Why This Book?, Outline of the Book, Limitations of This Study View full abstract»

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      The Global Demand for Passenger Travel

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 23 - 66
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Determinants of Aggregate Travel Demand, The Past Five Decades in World Travel Demand, Can Growth in World Passenger Travel Endure? View full abstract»

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      Greenhouse Gas Emission Implications of Travel Demand

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 67 - 101
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Historical Trends in Energy Intensity, Human Factors in Automobile Travel, Economic Factors in Air Transportation, Implications for World Passenger Travel Energy Use and GHG Emissions, Summary View full abstract»

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      Road Vehicle Technology

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 103 - 140
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Technology Fundamentals, Reducing Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Improving the Efficiency of Drivetrain Energy Supply, Reducing Vehicle Energy Requirements, Characteristics of Low Greenhouse Gas Emission Vehicles, Other Surface Transport Modes, Summary View full abstract»

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      Aircraft Technology

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 141 - 160
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Technology Fundamentals, Reducing Aircraft Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Summary View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Alternative Transportation Fuels

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 161 - 220
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Alternative Fuel Characteristics, Summary View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Policy Measures for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 221 - 255
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Characteristics of Passenger Travel, The Existing Policy Context, Potential Measures for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control, Price-Based Measures, Regulatory Measures, Research and Development, Multiple Objectives and Policy Coordination, Summary View full abstract»

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      Future Prospects and Policy Choices

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 257 - 272
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Opportunities for Controlling Transport Emissions, A View of the Technical Potential Alone, The Possible Contribution of Passenger Travel to Climate Goals, The Consumer Impact of GHG Mitigation Policies, The Choices Ahead View full abstract»

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      Notes

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 273 - 312
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled: Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8 View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      References

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 313 - 329
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      In the nineteenth century, horse transportation consumed vast amounts of land for hay production, and the intense traffic and ankle-deep manure created miserable living conditions in urban centers. The introduction of the horseless carriage solved many of these problems but has created others. Today another revolution in transportation seems overdue. Transportation consumes two-thirds of the world's petroleum and has become the largest contributor to global environmental change. Most of this increase in scale can be attributed to the strong desire for personal mobility that comes with economic growth. In Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World, the authors present the first integrated assessment of the factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger transportation. They examine such topics as past and future travel demand; the influence of personal and business choices on passenger travel's climate impact; technologies and alternative fuels that may become available to mitigate GHG emissions from passenger transport; and policies that would promote a more sustainable transportation system. And most important, taking into account all of these options are taken together, they consider how to achieve a sustainable transportation system in the next thirty to fifty years. View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Index

      Schäfer, A. ; Heywood, J. ; Jacoby, H. ; Waitz, I.
      Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

      Page(s): 331 - 340
      Copyright Year: 2009

      MIT Press eBook Chapters

      In the nineteenth century, horse transportation consumed vast amounts of land for hay production, and the intense traffic and ankle-deep manure created miserable living conditions in urban centers. The introduction of the horseless carriage solved many of these problems but has created others. Today another revolution in transportation seems overdue. Transportation consumes two-thirds of the world's petroleum and has become the largest contributor to global environmental change. Most of this increase in scale can be attributed to the strong desire for personal mobility that comes with economic growth. In Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World, the authors present the first integrated assessment of the factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger transportation. They examine such topics as past and future travel demand; the influence of personal and business choices on passenger travel's climate impact; technologies and alternative fuels that may become available to mitigate GHG emissions from passenger transport; and policies that would promote a more sustainable transportation system. And most important, taking into account all of these options are taken together, they consider how to achieve a sustainable transportation system in the next thirty to fifty years. View full abstract»




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