Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2009
Author(s): Stephen H. Hall; Howard L. Heck
Book Type: Wiley-IEEE Press
Content Type : Books & eBooks
Topics: Components, Circuits, Devices & Systems ;  Signal Processing & Analysis
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Abstract

A synergistic approach to signal integrity for high-speed digital design

This book is designed to provide contemporary readers with an understanding of the emerging high-speed signal integrity issues that are creating roadblocks in digital design. Written by the foremost experts on the subject, it leverages concepts and techniques from non-related fields such as applied physics and microwave engineering and applies them to high-speed digital design—creating the optimal combination between theory and practical applications.

Following an introduction to the importance of signal integrity, chapter coverage includes:

  • Electromagnetic fundamentals for signal integrity
  • Transmission line fundamentals

  • Crosstalk

  • Non-ideal conductor models, including surface roughness and frequency-dependent inductance

  • Frequency-dependent properties of dielectrics

  • Differential signaling

  • Mathematical requirements of physical channel

  • S-parameters for digital engineers

  • Non-ideal return paths and via resonance

  • I/O circuits and models

  • Equalization

  • Modeling and budgeting of timing jitter and noise

  • System analysis using response surface modeling

Each chapter includes many figures and numerous examples to help readers relate the concepts to everyday design and concludes with problems for readers to test their understanding of the material. Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs is suitable as a textbook for graduate-level courses on signal integrity, for programs taught in industry for professional engineers, and as a reference for the high-speed digital designer.

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    Electromagnetic Fundamentals for Signal Integrity

    Copyright Year: 2009

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    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Maxwell's Equations

  • Common Vector Operators

  • Wave Propagation

  • Electrostatics

  • Magnetostatics

  • Power Flow and the Poynting Vector

  • Reflections of Electromagnetic Waves

  • References

  • Problems

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    Ideal TransmissionLine Fundamentals

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Transmission-Line Structures

  • Wave Propagation on Loss-Free Transmission Lines

  • Transmission-Line Properties

  • Transmission-Line Parameters for the Loss-Free Case

  • Transmission-Line Reflections

  • Time-Domain Reflectometry

  • References

  • Problems

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    Crosstalk

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Mutual Inductance and Capacitance

  • Coupled Wave Equations

  • Coupled Line Analysis

  • Modal Analysis

  • Crosstalk Minimization

  • Summary

  • References

  • Problems

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    Nonideal Conductor Models

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Signals Propagating in Unbounded Conductive Media

  • Classic Conductor Model for Transmission Lines

  • Surface Roughness

  • Transmission-Line Parameters for Nonideal Conductors

  • References

  • Problems

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    Electrical Properties of Dielectrics

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Polarization of Dielectrics

  • Classification of Dielectric Materials

  • Frequency-Dependent Dielectric Behavior

  • Properties of a Physical Dielectric Model

  • Fiber-Weave Effect

  • Environmental Variation in Dielectric Behavior

  • Transmission-Line Parameters for Lossy Dielectrics and Realistic Conductors

  • References

  • Problems

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    Differential Signaling

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Removal of Common-Mode Noise

  • Differential Crosstalk

  • Virtual Reference Plane

  • Propagation of Modal Voltages

  • Common Terminology

  • Drawbacks of Differential Signaling

  • Reference

  • Problems

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    Mathematical Requirements for Physical Channels

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

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    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Frequency-Domain Effects in Time-Domain Simulations

  • Requirements for a Physical Channel

  • References

  • Problems

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    Network Analysis for Digital Engineers

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

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    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • High-Frequency Voltage and Current Waves

  • Network Theory

  • Properties of Physical S-Parameters

  • References

  • Problems

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    Topics in HighSpeed Channel Modeling

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Creating a Physical Transmission-Line Model

  • NonIdeal Return Paths

  • Vias

  • References

  • Problems

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    I/O Circuits and Models

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • I/O Design Considerations

  • Push-Pull Transmitters

  • CMOS receivers

  • ESD Protection Circuits

  • On-Chip Termination

  • Bergeron Diagrams

  • Open-Drain Transmitters

  • Differential Current-Mode Transmitters

  • Low-Swing and Differential Receivers

  • IBIS Models

  • Summary

  • References

  • Problems

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    Equalization

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Analysis and Design Background

  • Continuous-Time Linear Equalizers

  • Discrete Linear Equalizers

  • Decision Feedback Equalization

  • Summary

  • References

  • Problems

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    Modeling and Budgeting of Timing Jitter and Noise

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Eye Diagram

  • Bit Error Rate

  • Jitter Sources and Budgets

  • Noise Sources and Budgets

  • Peak Distortion Analysis Methods

  • Summary

  • References

  • Problems

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    System Analysis Using Response Surface Modeling

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Copyright Year: 2009

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    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Model Design Considerations

  • Case Study: 10-Gb/s Differential PCB Interface

  • RSM Construction by Least Squares Fitting

  • Measures of Fit

  • Significance Testing

  • Confidence Intervals

  • Sensitivity Analysis and Design Optimization

  • Defect Rate Prediction Using Monte Carlo Simulation

  • Additional RSM Considerations

  • Summary

  • References

  • Problems

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    Appendix A: Useful Formulas, Identities, Units, and Constants

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Page(s): 637 - 640
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    Appendix B: FourPort Conversions between T and S Parameters

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
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    Appendix C: Critical Values of the FStatistic

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Page(s): 645 - 646
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    Appendix D: Critical Values of the TStatistic

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Page(s): 647 - 648
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    Appendix E: Causal Relationship between Skin Effect Resistance and Internal Inductance for Rough Conductors

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
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    Appendix F: Spice Level 3 Model for 0.25 M Mosis Process

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
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    This appendix contains sections titled:

  • F-1 Device Models

  • Reference

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    Index

    Advanced Signal Integrity for High-Speed Digital Designs
    Page(s): 655 - 660
    Copyright Year: 2009

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