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Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2004
Author(s): Gilbert M. Masters
Book Type: Wiley-IEEE Press
Content Type : Books
Topics: Power, Energy, & Industry Applications
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Abstract

This is a comprehensive textbook for the new trend of distributed power generation systems and renewable energy sources in electric power systems. It covers the complete range of topics from fundamental concepts to major technologies as well as advanced topics for power consumers.

An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department -- to obtain the manual, send an email to ialine@wiley.com

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      Frontmatter

      Page(s): i - xx
      Copyright Year: 2004

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      The prelims comprise:
      Half-Title
      Title
      Copyright
      Dedication
      Contents
      Preface View full abstract»

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      Basic Electric and Magnetic Circuits

      Copyright Year: 2004

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      Since some students may not have had any electrical engineering background, the first chapter introduces the basic concepts of electricity and magnetism needed to understand electric circuits. For our purposes, we will be using very simple models in general, leaving many of the complications to more advanced textbooks.

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      Fundamentals of Electric Power

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      Since most students, including many who have had a good first course in electrical engineering, have not been exposed to anything related to electric power, we present a practical orientation to such topics as power factor, transmission lines, three-phase power, power supplies, and power quality.

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      The Electric Power Industry

      Copyright Year: 2004

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      In this chapter we present an overview of the development of today?>s electric power industry, including the regulatory and historical evolution of the industry as well as the technical side of power generation. Included is enough thermodynamics to understand basic heat engines and how that all relates to modern steam-cycle, gas-turbine, combined-cycle, and cogeneration power plants. A first-cut at evaluating the most cost-effective combination of these various types of power plants in an electric utility system is also presented.

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      Distributed Generation

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      The transition from large-central power stations to smaller distributed generation systems is described. The chapter emphasizes combined heat and power systems and introduces an array of small, efficient technologies, including reciprocating internal combustion engines, microturbines, Stirling engines, concentrating solar power dish and trough systems, micro-hydropower, and biomass systems for electricity generation. Special attention is given to understanding the physics of fuel cells and their potential to become major power conversion systems for the future.

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      Economics of Distributed Resources

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      The concept of distributed resources, on both sides of the electric meter, is introduced with special emphasis on techniques for evaluating the economic attributes of the technologies that can most efficiently utilize these resources. Energy conservation supply curves on the demand side, along with the economics of cogeneration on the supply side, are presented. Careful attention is given to assessing the economic and environmental benefits of utilizing waste heat and the technologies for converting it to useful energy services such as air conditioning.

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      Wind Power Systems

      Copyright Year: 2004

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      This chapter is devoted to wind power. Wind turbines have become the most cost-effective renewable energy systems available today and are now completely competitive with essentially all conventional generation systems. The chapter develops techniques for evaluating the power available in the wind and how efficiently it can be captured and converted to electricity in modern wind turbines. Combining wind statistics with turbine characteristics makes it possible to estimate the energy and economics of systems ranging from a single, home-size wind turbine to large wind farms of the sort that are being rapidly built across the United States, Europe, and Asia.

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      The Solar Resource

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      Given the importance of the sun as a source of renewable energy, this chapter develops a rather complete set of equations that can be used to estimate the solar resource available on a clear day at any location and time on earth. Data for actual solar energy at sites across the United States are also presented, and techniques for utilizing that data for preliminary solar systems design are presented.

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      Photovoltaic Materials and Electrical Characteristics

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      This chapter describes the basic physics of PVs and develops equivalent circuit models that are useful for understanding their electrical behavior.

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      Photovoltaic Systems

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      The focus of this chapter is on the analysis and design of photovoltaic (PV) systems in their three most commonly encountered configurations: systems that feed power directly into the utility grid, stand-alone systems that charge batteries, perhaps with generator back-up, and applications in which the load is directly connected to the PVs as is the case for most water-pumping systems.

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      Appendix A: Useful Conversion Factors

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      Appendix B: SunPath Diagrams

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      Appendix C: Hourly ClearSky Insolation Tables

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      Appendix D: Monthly ClearSky Insolation Tables

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      Appendix E: Solar Insolation Tables by City

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      Appendix F: Maps of Solar Insolation

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      Index

      Page(s): 647 - 654
      Copyright Year: 2004

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