Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis

Cover Image Copyright Year: 2012
Author(s): Hans Georg Schaathun
Book Type: Wiley-IEEE Press
Content Type : Books
Topics: Communication, Networking & Broadcasting ;  Components, Circuits, Devices & Systems ;  Computing & Processing ;  Robotics & Control Systems ;  Signal Processing & Analysis
  • Print

Abstract

Steganography is the art of communicating a secret message, hiding the very existence of a secret message. This is typically done by hiding the message within a non-sensitive document. Steganalysis is the art and science of detecting such hidden messages.  The task in steganalysis is to take an object (communication) and classify it as either a steganogram or a clean document. Most recent solutions apply classification algorithms from machine learning and pattern recognition, which tackle problems too complex for analytical solution by teaching computers to learn from empirical data. 

Part 1of the book is an introduction to steganalysis as part of the wider trend of multimedia forensics, as well as a practical tutorial on machine learning in this context. Part 2 is a survey of a wide range of feature vectors proposed for steganalysis with performance tests and comparisons. Part 3 is an in-depth study of machine learning tec niques and classifier algorithms, and presents a critical assessment of the experimental methodology and applications in steganalysis.

Key features: 

  • Serves as a tutorial on the topic of steganalysis with brief introductions to much of the basic theory provided, and also presents a survey of the latest research.
  • Develops and formalises the application of machine learning in steganalysis; with much of the understanding of machine learning to be gained from this book adaptable for future study of machine learning in other applications. 
  • Contains Python programs and algorithms to allow the reader to modify and reproduce outcomes discussed in the book.
  • Includes companion software available from the author’s website.

  •   Click to expandTable of Contents

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Front Matter

      Page(s): i - xi
      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      The prelims comprise:
      Half-Title Page
      Title Page
      Copyright Page
      Table of Contents
      Preface View full abstract»

    • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

      Introduction

      Copyright Year: 2012

      Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

      This chapter contains sections titled:

    • Real Threat or Hype?

    • Artificial Intelligence and Learning

    • How to Read this Book

    • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Steganography and Steganalysis

    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Cryptography versus Steganography

  • Steganography

  • Steganalysis

  • Summary and Notes

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Getting Started with a Classifier

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Classification

  • Estimation and Confidence

  • Using libSVM

  • Using Python

  • Images for Testing

  • Further Reading

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Histogram Analysis

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Early Histogram Analysis

  • Notation

  • Additive Independent Noise

  • Multi-dimensional Histograms

  • Experiment and Comparison

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Bit-Plane Analysis

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Visual Steganalysis

  • Autocorrelation Features

  • Binary Similarity Measures

  • Evaluation and Comparison

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    More Spatial Domain Features

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Difference Matrix

  • Image Quality Measures

  • Colour Images

  • Experiment and Comparison

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    The Wavelets Domain

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • A Visual View

  • The Wavelet Domain

  • Farid's Features

  • HCF in the Wavelet Domain

  • Denoising and the WAM Features

  • Experiment and Comparison

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Steganalysis in the JPEG Domain

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • JPEG Compression

  • Histogram Analysis

  • Blockiness

  • Markov Model-based Features

  • Conditional Probabilities

  • Experiment and Comparison

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Calibration Techniques

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Calibrated Features

  • JPEG Calibration

  • Calibration by Downsampling

  • Calibration in General

  • Progressive Randomisation

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Simulation and Evaluation

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Estimation and Simulation

  • Scalar Measures

  • The Receiver Operating Curve

  • Experimental Methodology

  • Comparison and Hypothesis Testing

  • Summary

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Support Vector Machines

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Linear Classifiers

  • The Kernel Function

  • ¿¿-SVM

  • Multi-class Methods

  • One-class Methods

  • Summary

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Other Classification Algorithms

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Bayesian Classifiers

  • Estimating Probability Distributions

  • Multivariate Regression Analysis

  • Unsupervised Learning

  • Summary

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Feature Selection and Evaluation

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Overfitting and Underfitting

  • Scalar Feature Selection

  • Feature Subset Selection

  • Selection Using Information Theory

  • Boosting Feature Selection

  • Applications in Steganalysis

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    The Steganalysis Problem

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Different Use Cases

  • Images and Training Sets

  • Composite Classifier Systems

  • Summary

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Future of the Field

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Image Forensics

  • Conclusions and Notes

  • View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Bibliography

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Page(s): 267 - 277
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    No abstract. View full abstract»

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Index

    Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis
    Page(s): 279 - 284
    Copyright Year: 2012

    Wiley-IEEE Press eBook Chapters

    No abstract. View full abstract»



  • On This Page

    Recently Published

    Learn More About