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A mixed MAP/MLSE receiver for convolutional coded signals transmitted over a fading channel

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2 Author(s)
White, L.B. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Adelaide Univ., SA, Australia ; Elliott, R.J.

This paper addresses the problem of estimating a rapidly fading convolutionally coded signal such as might be found in a wireless telephony or data network. We model both the channel gain and the convolutionally coded signal as Markov processes and, thus, the noisy received signal as a hidden Markov process (HMP). Two now-classical methods for estimating finite-state hidden Markov processes are the Viterbi (1967) algorithm and the a posteriori probability (APP) filter. A hybrid recursive estimation procedure is derived whereby one hidden process (the encoder state in our application) is estimated using a Viterbi-type (i.e., sequence based) cost and the other (the fading process) using an APP-based cost such as maximum a posteriori probability. The paper presents the new algorithm as applied specifically to this problem but also formulates the problem in a more general setting. The algorithm is derived in this general setting using reference probability methods. Using simulations, performance of the optimal scheme is compared with a number of suboptimal techniques-decision-directed Kalman and HMP predictors and Kalman filter and HMP filter per-survivor processing techniques

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 5 )