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Cross-cultural interactions across educational boundaries have been enhanced in asynchronous learning networks. The issue of cross-cultural communication is fundamental in asynchronous learning research since the learners involved have significant communication norms that are distinctly different across cultures. The influence wielded by the cultural values of individual and group learners can impact upon the learning process. Concurrently, the degree of social presence supported by the media used in asynchronous learning networks can also affect learning. This paper discusses the relationship between cultural traits and media social presence with the focus on asynchronous learning networks. A set of propositions delineating cross-cultural and media impact on learning processes is highlighted with respect to the cultural dimension of individualism-collectivism.
Date of Conference: 7-10 Jan. 2002