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Numerical micromagnetics of small particles

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2 Author(s)
Fredkin, D.R. ; Dept. of Phys., California Univ., San Diego, CA, USA ; Koehler, T.R.

The results of applying the authors' micromagnetic code to a homogeneous spherical particle that is large enough to support inhomogeneous magnetization are given. For smaller particles, magnetization reversal is by coherent rotation. Larger particles initially exhibit curling as the applied magnetic field is reduced from a saturating value. Then one of two new behaviors is observed. For weak crystalline anisotropy, the axis of the curling state rotates and bends, and the magnetization reversal process is reversible, or nearly so. For strong crystalline anisotropy, a sudden discontinuous transition occurs to a vortex state with axis perpendicular to the anisotropy axis, and the vortex moves across the particle as reversal of the applied magnetic field continues. The formation and disappearance of the vortex are irreversible, but all other aspects of the process are reversible

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 6 )