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Summary form only given. Single ions in Paul traps are investigated for quantum information processing. Superpositions of the S/sub 1/2/ and the D/sub 5/2/ states are used to implement a qubit. Single /sup 40/Ca/sup +/ ions are either held in a spherical Paul trap or alternatively, in a linear Paul trap. The ions are optically cooled and fluorescence light at 397 nm on the S/sub 1/2/-P/sub 1/2/ transition is monitored for a state measurement by the electron shelving technique. The S/sub 1/2/-D/sub 5/2/ quadrupole transition at 729 nm is excited for sideband cooling and for quantum state preparation. Individual ions in a linear string are addressed by a tightly focused 729 nm laser beam. In the spherical Paul trap (4.5 MHz trap frequency) a single Ca/sup +/ ion has been cooled to the ground state of vibration with a probability of up to 99.9%. Starting from this Fock state |n=0> coherent quantum state manipulation on the S/sub 1/2/-D/sub 5/2/ transition is achieved.