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The first phased-array antennas in Russia: 1955-1960

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2 Author(s)
Vendik, O.G. ; Electron. Dept., Electrotech. Univ., St. Petersburg, Russia ; Yegorov, Y.V.

The first phased-array antenna in the Soviet Union was developed under the supervision of Professor Yuri Yurov, at Leningrad Electrical Engineering Institute (Technical University), in 1955. It was a four-element array of dielectric-rod radiators, fed through reciprocal ferrite phase shifters. The array was intended for use in radar, for automatic aiming at the target. In Yurov's group, the theory of phased-array antennas was developed. In 1960, a 61-element array, in the form of a lens filled with ferrite phase shifters, was designed, manufactured, and investigated. Later, the investigations were moved from the university to industrial research centers

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 4 )