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The European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) decision to endorse for the Universal Telecommunication Radio Access (UTRA) techniques based upon wideband CDMA approaches for terrestrial UMTS (T-UMTS) paired frequency duplexing band will certainly constitute an important driver to steer the corresponding choice for the satellite UMTS (S-UMTS) component. In this paper it is shown how a similarity in the S-UMTS access solution not only contributes to making dual-mode user-terminals more cost-effective but also represents a good technical choice. This is despite the fact that the satellite UMTS component faces a number of unique challenging requirements, such as very scarce RF power resources compared to T-UMTS, significant propagation delay, high frequency variations due to Doppler shift (especially for the low-altitude Earth orbit (LEO) case), larger cell size. This paper described the main ETSI UTRA modifications required to obtain an efficient S-UMTS air interface capable of suiting the above listed constraints, while keeping maximum commonality with the T-UMTS.
Global Telecommunications Conference, 1999. GLOBECOM '99 (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 1999