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We demonstrated the use of thermosensitive quartz resonator oscillator as a thermal sensor for temperature control at the liquid nitrogen temperature. The high sensitivity of the quartz enables an efficient thermal regulation at ambient temperature as well as liquid nitrogen temperature. LC-cut quartz oscillator phase noise measurements show that the temperature measurement resolution is not limited by the intrinsic noise of the sensor and that a resolution of 10 /spl mu/K can be achieved. This thermal regulation is applied to control a microwave temperature-compensated sapphire resonator oscillator at a temperature above 77 K, enabling the achievement of a flicker floor of 9.10/sup -13/ at 9 GHz.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: March 2000