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Vortex nucleation and evolution in parametric wave mixing

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2 Author(s)
Molina-Terriza, G. ; Dept. of Signal Theory. & Commun., Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain ; Torner, L.

We predict a variety of new phenomena, that includes the spontaneous nucleation of multiple vortex twins, vortex rotation and drift, vortex-antivortex interaction and annihilation, and formation of quasi-aligned patterns of single-charge vortices. We consider cw light propagation in a bulk quadratic nonlinear crystal under conditions for type I second-harmonic generation. We restrict ourselves to up-conversion geometries with material and light conditions that yield negligible depletion of the pump fundamental frequency (FF) beam. Then, the second-harmonic (SH) beam is dictated by an inhomogeneous linear partial differential equation whose general solution can be obtained by means of the Green function approach. In the case of un-seeded geometries (i.e., no SH input light), and in absence of Poynting vector walk-off between the FF and SH beams, sum- and difference-charge arithmetic operations have been predicted and observed experimentally. However, a new range of phenomena is discovered in seeded geometries and with Poynting vector walk-off. In particular, in the case of seeded schemes without walk-off, our numerical and experimental investigations show the spontaneous nucleation of multiple-vortex twins. In such case, the number of vortices present in the SH beam and its total topological charge varies with the propagation distance inside the crystal

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LEOS '99. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1999 12th Annual Meeting  (Volume:2 )

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