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Discrete all-pole modeling

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2 Author(s)
El-Jaroudi, A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pittsburgh Univ., PA, USA ; Makhoul, J.

A method for parametric modeling and spectral envelopes when only a discrete set of spectral points is given is introduced. This method, called discrete all-pole (DAP) modeling, uses a discrete version of the Itakura-Saito distortion measure as its error criterion. One result is an autocorrelation matching condition that overcomes the limitations of linear prediction and produces better fitting spectral envelopes for spectra that are representable by a relatively small discrete set of values, such as in voiced speech. An iterative algorithm for DAP modeling that is shown to converge to a unique global minimum is presented. Results of applying DAP modeling to real and synthetic speech are also presented. DAP modeling is extended to allow frequency-dependent weighting of the error measure, so that spectral accuracy can be enhanced in certain frequency regions

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 2 )