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In vivo detection of normal and pathologic bowel electrical activity using a SQUID magnetometer

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5 Author(s)
Ladipo, J.K. ; Dept. of Phys. & Astron., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA ; Bradshaw, L.A. ; Hegde, S.S. ; Wikswo, J.P., Jr.
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The Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer can non-invasively detect the magnetic fields created by the Basic Electrical Rhythm (BER) of the Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT). Using anesthetized adult male New Zealand rabbits the authors recorded signals from two isolated bowel segments at the same time, before and after ischemia was induced in either one or both bowel segments. The dominant frequency peaks for each period of recording were determined using autoregressive (AR) spectral analysis. There was a significant fall in the BER frequency in the ischemic segment from 11.8±0.9 to 7.8±0.6 cycles per minute (cpm), while there was no change in the normal bowel. It was possible for two observers (LAB, WOR) who were blinded to the preparation, to identify which bowel segment was ischemic. The results of this experiment demonstrate the ability of the SQUID magnetometer to noninvasively detect and differentiate signals from normal and ischemic bowel sources

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1997. Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference of the IEEE  (Volume:6 )

Date of Conference:

30 Oct-2 Nov 1997