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State variable decoupling and power flow control in PWM current-source rectifiers

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2 Author(s)
Espinoza, J.R. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada ; Joos, G.

Pulsewidth modulated (PWM) current-source rectifiers (CSR), among other alternatives, offer marked improvements over thyristor line-commutated rectifiers as a source of variable DC power. Advantages include reduced line current harmonic distortion and complete displacement power factor control, including unity displacement power factor operation. However, due to nonlinearities of the PWM-CSR model, their control has usually been carried out using direct line current control in a three-phase stationary frame (abc). This paper proposes the application of a nonlinear control technique that introduces more flexibility in the control of the rectifier and results in a more straightforward approach to controller design. The proposed technique is based on a nonlinear state variable feedback approach in the rotating frame (dq). The approach allows the independent control of the two components of the line current (active and reactive) with the same dynamic performance, regardless of the operating point. The control strategy also eliminates the need for input damping resistors and rejects the effect of supply voltage variations. Furthermore, a space vector modulation (SVM) technique is used to maximize the supply voltage utilization. This paper includes a complete formulation of the system equations and a controller design procedure. Experimental results on a 2 kVA digital-signal-processor-controlled prototype confirm the validity of theoretical considerations

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 1 )