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Thermosonic flip-chip bonding using longitudinal ultrasonic vibration

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6 Author(s)
Qing Tan ; Centre for Adv. Manuf. & Packaging of Microwave, Opt., & Digital Electron., Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO, USA ; Wenge Zhang ; Schaible, B. ; Bond, L.J.
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Flip-chip assembly is an important technology for first level electronic packaging. Among different assembly approaches, thermosonic bonding is becoming an attractive choice because it is cost-effective. To increase the bonding capability for high input/output (I/O) assembly, a novel longitudinal bonding system was developed in this study. This bonding system has two advantages over the transverse bonding system: it overcomes the planarity problem and simplifies bonding tool configuration. During the development, an end-effector was designed with rigorous considerations of ultrasonic wave propagation, bonding force and co-planarity between the chip holder and hot stage. The bonding system was then characterized to make sure that it is suitable for flip-chip assembly. This bonding technology was proven successful by mechanical bonding tests as well as a functional complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor/static random access memory (CMOS/SRAM) module demonstration. During the bonding process, the chip is under longitudinal ultrasonic “hammering.” However, there is no apparent damage because the impact stress is low due to the low ultrasonic vibration amplitude

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Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, Part B: Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 1 )