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This paper presents a simple and efficient method for the design of a microstrip contiguous diplexer comprising doubly terminated filters. The equivalent circuit for the channel filters is presented, which can accurately represent both the in-band and out-of-band characteristics of the channel filters. By analyzing and properly adjusting the input impedance of the channel filters, the equivalent circuit of the diplexer can be easily optimized. A high-temperature superconducting diplexer at S-band is successfully designed with this method and fabricated on a MgO substrate with a compact size of 32.6 mm × 18 mm. The measured results show high performance and agree well with the simulations.