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Dynamic Whole-Body Motion Generation Under Rigid Contacts and Other Unilateral Constraints

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6 Author(s)
Layale Saab ; Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France ; Oscar E. Ramos ; François Keith ; Nicolas Mansard
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The most widely used technique for generating whole-body motions on a humanoid robot accounting for various tasks and constraints is inverse kinematics. Based on the task-function approach, this class of methods enables the coordination of robot movements to execute several tasks in parallel and account for the sensor feedback in real time, thanks to the low computation cost. To some extent, it also enables us to deal with some of the robot constraints (e.g., joint limits or visibility) and manage the quasi-static balance of the robot. In order to fully use the whole range of possible motions, this paper proposes extending the task-function approach to handle the full dynamics of the robot multibody along with any constraint written as equality or inequality of the state and control variables. The definition of multiple objectives is made possible by ordering them inside a strict hierarchy. Several models of contact with the environment can be implemented in the framework. We propose a reduced formulation of the multiple rigid planar contact that keeps a low computation cost. The efficiency of this approach is illustrated by presenting several multicontact dynamic motions in simulation and on the real HRP-2 robot.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 2 )