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Impact of In-Network Aggregation on Target Tracking Quality Under Network Delays

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7 Author(s)
Wei Wei ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA ; Ting He ; Bisdikian, C. ; Goeckel, D.
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In this paper, we investigate how in-network aggregation approach impacts the target tracking quality in multi-hop wireless sensor networks under network delays. Specifically, we use the mean squared error (MSE) of the target location estimate to quantify the target tracking quality, and investigate how in-network aggregation affects the MSE. To obtain insights without being obscured by onerous mathematical details, we assume a Brownian motion mobility model for the target, Gaussian measurement noise for the sensors, and independent per-hop delays. Under the above assumptions, we first propose an aggregation scheme that preserves a sufficient statistic for optimal tracking under data aggregation at the intermediate nodes and arbitrary network delays. We then analytically study the impact of aggregation in three increasingly more complicated scenarios: single task tracking with only transmission delay, single task tracking with both transmission delay and queueing delay at intermediate nodes, and multi-task tracking. Our results demonstrate that in-network aggregation improves tracking quality in all three scenarios. Furthermore, our analysis provides guidelines on how to choose aggregation parameters in practice.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 4 )