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Many systems can be represented using polynomial differential equations, particularly in process control, biotechnology, and systems biology , . For example, models of chemical and biochemical reaction networks derived using the law of mass action have the form ẋ = Sv(k,x), (1) where x is a vector of concentrations, S is the stoichiometric matrix, and v is a vector of rate expressions formed by multivariate polynomials with real coefficients k . Furthermore, a model containing nonpolynomial nonlinearities can be approximated by such polynomial models as explained in "Model Approximation". The primary aims of differential algebra (DALG) are to study, compute, and structurally describe the solution of a system of polynomial differential equations,f (x,ẋ, ...,x(k)) =0, (2) where f is a polynomial -. Although, in many instances, it may be impossible to symbolically compute the solutions, or these solutions may be difficult to handle due to their size, it is still useful to be able to study and structurally describe the solutions. Often, understanding properties of the solution space and consequently of the equations is all that is required for analysis and control design.
Date of Publication: April 2013