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Combining automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems generally relies on the posterior merging of the outputs or on acoustic cross-adaptation. In this paper, we propose an integrated approach where outputs of secondary systems are integrated in the search algorithm of a primary one. In this driven decoding algorithm (DDA), the secondary systems are viewed as observation sources that should be evaluated and combined to others by a primary search algorithm. DDA is evaluated on a subset of the ESTER I corpus consisting of 4 hours of French radio broadcast news. Results demonstrate DDA significantly outperforms vote-based approaches: we obtain an improvement of 14.5% relative word error rate over the best single-systems, as opposed to the the 6.7% with a ROVER combination. An in-depth analysis of the DDA shows its ability to improve robustness (gains are greater in adverse conditions) and a relatively low dependency on the search algorithm. The application of DDA to both and beam-search-based decoder yields similar performances.
Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:21 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: June 2013