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Wire delays and leakage energy consumption are both growing problems in designing large on-chip caches. Nonuniform cache architecture (NUCA) is a wire-delay aware design paradigm based on the sub-banking of a cache, which allows the banks closer to the controller to be accessed with reduced latencies with respect to the other banks. This feature is leveraged by dynamic NUCA (D-NUCA) caches via a migration mechanism which speeds up frequently used data access, further reducing the effect wire delays have on performance. To reduce leakage power consumption of static random access memory caches, various micro-architectural techniques have been proposed. In this brief, we compare the benefits and limits of the application of some of these techniques to a D-NUCA cache memory, and propose a novel hybrid scheme based on the Drowsy and Way Adaptable techniques. Such a scheme allows further improvement in leakage reduction and limits the impact of process variation on the effectiveness of the Drowsy technique.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:PP , Issue: 99 )