Skip to Main Content
In this study, the superimposed training strategy is introduced into orthogonal frequency division multiplexing-modulated amplify-and-forward two-way relay network (TWRN) to perform two-hop transmission-compatible individual channel estimation. Through the superposition of an additional training vector at the relay under power allocation, the separated source-relay channel information can be directly obtained at the destination and then used to estimate the channels. The closed-form Bayesian Crame-r-Rao lower bound (CRLB) is derived for the estimation of block-fading frequency-selective channels with random channel parameters, and orthogonal training vectors from the two source nodes are required to keep the Bayesian CRLB simple because of the self-interference in the TWRN. A set of optimal training vectors designed from the Bayesian CRLB are applied in an iterative linear minimum mean-square-error channel estimation algorithm, and the mean-square-error performance is provided to verify the Bayesian CRLB results.