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A Low-Frequency Versatile Wireless Power Transfer Technology for Biomedical Implants

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10 Author(s)
Hao Jiang ; School of Engineering, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, USA ; Junmin Zhang ; Di Lan ; Kelvin K. Chao
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Implantable biomedical sensors and actuators are highly desired in modern medicine. In many cases, the implant's electrical power source profoundly determines its overall size and performance. The inductively coupled coil pair operating at the radio-frequency (RF) has been the primary method for wirelessly delivering electrical power to implants for the last three decades. Recent designs significantly improve the power delivery efficiency by optimizing the operating frequency, coil size and coil distance. However, RF radiation hazard and tissue absorption are the concerns in the RF wireless power transfer technology (RF-WPTT) [4], [5]. Also, it requires an accurate impedance matching network that is sensitive to operating environments between the receiving coil and the load for efficient power delivery. In this paper, a novel low-frequency wireless power transfer technology (LF-WPTT) using rotating rare-earth permanent magnets is demonstrated. The LF-WPTT is able to deliver 2.967 W power at ~ 180 Hz to an 117.1 Ω resistor over 1 cm distance with 50% overall efficiency. Because of the low operating frequency, RF radiation hazard and tissue absorption are largely avoided, and the power delivery efficiency from the receiving coil to the load is independent of the operating environment. Also, there is little power loss observed in the LF-WPTT when the receiving coil is enclosed by non-magnetic implant-grade stainless steel.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 4 )