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A High-Speed 7.2-ns Read-Write Random Access 4-Mb Embedded Resistive RAM (ReRAM) Macro Using Process-Variation-Tolerant Current-Mode Read Schemes

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15 Author(s)
Meng-Fan Chang ; Nat. Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Shyh-Shyuan Sheu ; Ku-Feng Lin ; Che-Wei Wu
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ReRAM is a promising next-generation nonvolatile memory (NVM) with fast write speed and low-power operation. However, ReRAM faces two major challenges in read operations: 1) low read yield due to wide resistance distribution and 2) the requirement of accurate bit line (BL) bias voltage control to prevent read disturbance. This study proposes two process-variation-tolerant schemes for current-mode read operation of ReRAM: parallel-series reference-cell (PSRC) and process-temperature-aware dynamic BL-bias (PTADB) schemes. These schemes are meant to improve the read speed and yield of ReRAM, while taking read disturbance into consideration. PSRC narrows the reference current distribution to achieve high read yield against resistance variation. PTADB achieves small fluctuations in BL bias voltage to prevent read disturbance, while providing rapid BL precharge speeds. This study fabricated a 4-Mb ReRAM macro to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed schemes for both SLC and MLC operations. The fastest sub-8-ns (7.2 ns) read-write random access time among megabit scaled embedded NVM macros has been demonstrated.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 3 )