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EMC Optimized Design of Linear Regulators Including a Charge Pump

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3 Author(s)
Wittmann, J. ; Robert Bosch Center for Power Electron., Reutlingen Univ., Reutlingen, Germany ; Neidhardt, J. ; Wicht, B.

The charge pump belongs to the most critical blocks for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of low dropout linear regulators (LDO) because of its switching nature. The goal of this paper is to contribute charge pump design practice and a prediction method for the LDO EMC performance already in an early design phase. LDO noise coupling mechanisms are analyzed. EMC aware circuit design includes the choice of low-noise architectures, the right switching frequency, and noise filtering. The derived simulation method shows very good matching with EMC test results for an LDO with two different charge pumps fabricated in 350 nm high-voltage BiCMOS technology. For a realistic prediction of the EMC noise magnitude, a relative simple simulation setup gives results with less than 3 dB μV accuracy. A tripler current mode charge pump turned out to be well suitable for EMC. Conducted emissions could be predicted and confirmed to be improved by ~50 dBμV versus a conventional voltage-mode charge pump.

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Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 10 )