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Better Pseudorandom Generators from Milder Pseudorandom Restrictions

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5 Author(s)

We present an iterative approach to constructing pseudorandom generators, based on the repeated application of mild pseudorandom restrictions. We use this template to construct pseudorandom generators for combinatorial rectangles and read-once CNFs and a hitting set generator for width-3 branching programs, all of which achieve near-optimal seed-length even in the low-error regime: We get seed-length Õ(log (n/ε)) for error ε. Previously, only constructions with seed-length O(log3/2 n) or O(log2 n) were known for these classes with error ε = 1/poly(n). The (pseudo)random restrictions we use are milder than those typically used for proving circuit lower bounds in that we only set a constant fraction of the bits at a time. While such restrictions do not simplify the functions drastically, we show that they can be derandomized using small-bias spaces.

Published in:

Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS), 2012 IEEE 53rd Annual Symposium on

Date of Conference:

20-23 Oct. 2012