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Split and Join: Strong Partitions and Universal Steiner Trees for Graphs

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5 Author(s)
Busch, C. ; Div. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA, USA ; Dutta, C. ; Radhakrishnan, J. ; Rajaraman, R.
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We study the problem of constructing universal Steiner trees for undirected graphs. Given a graph G and a root node r, we seek a single spanning tree T of minimum stretch, where the stretch of T is defined to be the maximum ratio, over all terminal sets X, of the cost of the minimal sub-tree TX of T that connects X to r to the cost of an optimal Steiner tree connecting X to r in G. Universal Steiner trees (USTs) are important for data aggregation problems where computing the Steiner tree from scratch for every input instance of terminals is costly, as for example in low energy sensor network applications. graphs with 2O(√log n)-stretch. We also give a polynomial time We provide a polynomial time UST construction for general polylog(n)-stretch construction for minor-free graphs. One basic building block of our algorithms is a hierarchy of graph partitions, each of which guarantees small strong diameter for each cluster and bounded neighbourhood intersections for each node. We show close connections between the problems of constructing USTs and building such graph partitions. Our construction of partition hierarchies for general graphs is based on an iterative cluster merging procedure, while the one for minor-free graphs is based on a separator theorem for such graphs and the solution to a cluster aggregation problem that may be of independent interest even for general graphs. To our knowledge, this is the first subpolynomial-stretch (o(nε) for any ε >; 0) UST construction for general graphs, and the first polylogarithmic-stretch UST construction for minor-free graphs.

Published in:

Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS), 2012 IEEE 53rd Annual Symposium on

Date of Conference:

20-23 Oct. 2012

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