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The race for Exascale computing has naturally led the current technologies to converge to multi-CPU/multi-GPU computers, based on thousands of CPUs and GPUs interconnected by PCI-Express buses or interconnection networks. To exploit this high computing power, programmers have to solve the issue of scheduling parallel programs on hybrid architectures. And, since the performance of a GPU increases at a much faster rate than the throughput of a PCI bus, data transfers must be managed efficiently by the scheduler. This paper targets multi-GPU compute nodes, where several GPUs are connected to the same machine. To overcome the data transfer limitations on such platforms, the available soft wares compute, usually before the execution, a mapping of the tasks that respects their dependencies and minimizes the global data transfers. Such an approach is too rigid and it cannot adapt the execution to possible variations of the system or to the application's load. We propose a solution that is orthogonal to the above mentioned: extensions of the Xkaapi software stack that enable to exploit full performance of a multi-GPUs system through asynchronous GPU tasks. Xkaapi schedules tasks by using a standard Work Stealing algorithm and the runtime efficiently exploits concurrent GPU operations. The runtime extensions make it possible to overlap the data transfers and the task executions on current generation of GPUs. We demonstrate that the overlapping capability is at least as important as computing a scheduling decision to reduce completion time of a parallel program. Our experiments on two dense linear algebra problems (Matrix Product and Cholesky factorization) show that our solution is highly competitive with other soft wares based on static scheduling. Moreover, we are able to sustain the peak performance (approx. 310 GFlop/s) on DGEMM, even for matrices that cannot be stored entirely in one GPU memory. With eight GPUs, we archive a speed-up of 6.74 with respect to single-GPU- The performance of our Cholesky factorization, with more complex dependencies between tasks, outperforms the state of the art single-GPU MAGMA code.
Date of Conference: 24-26 Oct. 2012