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3-D sequential integration stands out from other 3-D schemes as it enables the full use of the third dimension. Indeed, in this approach, 3-D contact density matches with the transistor scale. In this paper, we report on the main advances enabling the demonstration of functional and performant stacked CMOS-FETs; i.e., wafer bonding, low temperature processes (<;650°C) and salicide stabilization achievements. This integration scheme enables fine grain partitioning and thus a gain in performance versus cost ratio linked to separation of heterogeneous technologies on distinct levels. In this work, we will detail examples taking advantage of the unique 3-D contact pitch achieved with sequential 3-D.
Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, IEEE Journal on (Volume:2 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012