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Renewable energy could be the key for sustainable next-generation cellular networks. The authors' approach would let mobile operators feed base stations in a heterogeneous network using renewable energy sources. The authors compare their method to a classical grid-powered solution. They evaluate costs and CO2 emissions savings for different scenarios to demonstrate that properly powering a heterogeneous network with renewable energy can be a sustainable and economically convenient solution.
Date of Publication: Jan.-Feb. 2013